Why won’t the top three strings change pitch?



Asked by: James Baum

Why is the 3rd string always out of tune?





No matter the type of the headstock, a lot of guitars these days can come with a cheap stock nut. The quality one is going to cut down on that binding that’s happening on the nut, which will help your poor third string stay in tune. But it’s not also the quality, it’s the type of the nut that might cause this issue.

What 3 factors change the pitch of a guitar string?

The thickness, tension, and length of a string determine the pitch of the sound it generates. Guitars typically feature six strings of varying thickness. The thickness of a string is related to its pitch. If two strings are the same length, the thicker string will have a lower pitch than the thinner string.

Why are new strings out of tune?

New strings will when tuned to pitch stretch over the first day or two – until they settle at an equilibrium with the constant pull of e.g. about 100N. This elasticity will be lost during the life time of the string – resulting in a poor tone.

Why does my high E string sound out of tune?

A loose or leaning saddle can change the length of the string and affect intonation. Be sure that the saddle is properly positioned in the slot in the bridge and not leaning either way. If you take all the strings off at once to re-string, it is possible for the saddle to change position.

Why is the G string the hardest to tune?





It's moving in its nut slot that friction changes the tension of the string itself and that tension is what ultimately changes the pitch of the string.

Why is it so hard to tune G?

The height of the G slot in the nut can really impact things,” Pullen explains. “If it is too high, that extra distance you need to press the string down to fret the note will bend it out of tune.” Additionally, the string gauge needs to be matched to the guitar’s scale.

What 3 things affect pitch?

Learn more physics!



There are three parameters that effect the pitch or frequency f, that a string makes: the tension T, the length L, and the mass per unit length of the string, lambda.

Does mass of the string affect pitch?

The more dense the string is, the slower it will vibrate, and the lower its frequency will be. Instruments often have strings made of different materials. The strings used for low pitches will be made of a more dense material than the strings used for high pitches.

How can pitch be changed?

Pitch is related to frequency. Changing the number of vibrations per second changes the pitch. The pitch that a particular tuning fork generates depends on the length of its prongs. Each fork is stamped with the note it produces (e.g. A) and its frequency in Hertz (e.g. 440 Hz).



Why does my E string sound like my B string?

If the strings are properly in place, my guess is that the string is either too tight or too loose. So, instead of the usual E that it’s supposed to be, you see a B. Just tune it until it gets to E. Just make sure to understand if you have to loosen it or tighten it.

Can I use B string as an E?

Re: Using a B string for the high E string.



I have personally used the B string as an E string when I didn’t have a spare and it was no problem. The gauges are similar enough that the tension shouldn’t be too different. It didn’t do any damage to my guitar at all and it sounded fine. It will just sound DIFFERENT.

Why is my guitar out of tune on higher frets?

If your frets are worn, notes played on those frets will be out of tune. Sometimes frets pop up a bit throwing notes out of pitch at those frets. If you’re noticing notes out of tune throughout the neck it might be time to either have the frets dressed (leveled) or after excessive use, replaced.



Should every note on a guitar be in tune?

It is impossible to place the frets on the guitar so that all notes on the instrument will be perfectly in tune in every key — simply impossible, because of the way tuning works. There are two basic types of tuning in western music: Pythagorean and tempered.

Does changing tuning damage strings?

While alternate tunings can shorten the life of your guitar strings, changing tunings is unlikely to damage your guitar. Most alternate tunings are actually lower in overall tension than standard tuning, so there’s no real risk of applying more tension than the guitar can handle.

Can a guitar be perfectly in tune?

Guitars don’t play perfectly in tune! They are only relatively in tune. They are in what is called a “tempered” tuning. Even on a perfectly maintained instrument, if you tune it so that the G# in the first position E chord is sweetly in tune, the open G in your first position C chord will be flat.

Why do cheap guitars go out of tune?

Well, in short: The main causes of guitars going out of tune are the strings not being stretched properly, low quality or old strings, the climate where you play, or parts like capos, tuning pegs or nuts messing with the tuning.



Should I Untune my guitar after playing?

The Short Answer: Keep your guitar tuned up to pitch, especially if you play it regularly. There’s really no reason to detune a guitar that you play regularly and, in fact, it would be pretty inconvenient if you had to completely retune it every time you wanted to pick it up and play.