Why oughtn’t listeners try to hear where tone rows start and stop?

Asked by: Glen Xayamonty

What is a tone row and how was it implemented into music?

In music, a tone row or note row (German: Reihe or Tonreihe), also series or set, is a non-repetitive ordering of a set of pitch-classes, typically of the twelve notes in musical set theory of the chromatic scale, though both larger and smaller sets are sometimes found.

What are tone rows in music?

noun Music. a series of tones in which no tone is duplicated, and in which the tones generally recur in fixed sequence, with variations in rhythm and pitch, throughout a composition.

How do you use tone rows?

Um one of the formulas is from C minor D minor E major and F sharp major all 12 notes are represented in those four tries they can be played in any order I can play D minor F sharp major E.

How do I know my tone row?

It's c-sharp. The second note of p1 is based on the second note of the prime. Order p0. So we find f sharp on our keyboard. And we go up one semitone or one half step and it takes us to the g.

How many tone rows are there?

The basic order for any one composition came to be known as its basic set, its 12-tone row, or its 12-tone series, all of which terms are synonymous. The basic set for Schoenberg’s Wind Quintet (1924) is E♭–G–A–B–C♯–C–B♭–D–E–F♯–A♭–F; for his String Quartet No. 4 (1936) it is D–C♯–A–B♭–F–E♭–E–C–A♭–G–F♯–B.

How do you create a tone row?

How to Write a 12-Tone Composition

  1. Begin with a 12×12 grid. Label your grid as in the example below:
  2. Next, arrange the 12 chromatic pitches in any order you like. …
  3. Next, calculate the inversion of your row. …
  4. Fill in your grid by transposing your 12-tone row into each key listed down the left column of the grid.

What is music with no tonal center called?


ATONAL MUSIC: music without a tonal center; the free atonality of the 1920s led to a more structured method called serialism or 12-tone music.

How do 12-tone rows work?

A row is an ordered set of the twelve pitch classes of the chromatic scale. Each of the 12 will appear exactly once, and order is paramount. 12-tone rows that can be related to each other by transposition, inversion, and/or retrograde operations are considered to be forms of the same row.

Who invented the 12-tone row?

Arnold Schoenberg

Arnold Schoenberg developed the influential 12-tone system of composition, a radical departure from the familiar language of major and minor keys.

How do you analyze a 12-tone row?

This is one way to look at a row there are many ways to analyze rows we're not going to get into all of them but I think this is often a useful starting point when analyzing the twelve-tone row.

What are the important things in constructing twelve-tone technique?

The basic premises of twelve-tone music are as follows:

  • All twelve notes of the chromatic scale must occur.
  • No note can be repeated in the series until the other 11 notes of the chromatic scale have occurred (exceptions include direct repetition of a note, trills, and tremolos)

What does fragmentation mean in music?

In music composition, fragmentation is the use of fragments or the “division of a musical idea (gesture, motive, theme, etc.) into segments”. It is used in tonal and atonal music, and is a common method of localized development and closure.

In what ways may the form of a twelve-tone row be altered?

-the tone row can be manipulated: original form, retrograde, inversion, and retrograde inversion. Can also be shifted to any pitcher level.

In which style the tone row is part of the compositional technique?

Twelve-tone music is most often associated with a compositional technique, or style, called serialism.

Which musical style does the 12-tone row represent?


Schoenberg himself described the system as a “Method of composing with twelve tones which are related only with one another“. It is commonly considered a form of serialism.