Why does Indian Hindustani or Carnatic music not use chords?



Asked by: Mike Baker

No. Indian music is based on “melody” and not on “hormóny” – like music from West. Therefore, there is NO scope and need for playing chords in music from India.

Does Indian music not have harmony?





Since Indian music does not use harmony in the way that Western music does, the drone provides a pleasing contrast to the notes of the melody and brings out the unique sonority of the raga.

What makes the Hindustani music differ from the Carnatic?

The key differences between the Hindustani and Carnatic systems are: Hindustani music is raga based while Carnatic is kriti-based. Hindustani stresses pure notes versus the gamaka-based Carnatic ragas. Raga essays (alapanas) are elaborated from note to note in Hindustani and from phrase to phrase in Carnatic.

How many chords are there in Indian music?

By description, the 1st – 5th and anything else is a chord. But for a realistic intention, Indian Music has no chords.

Is there harmony in Indian classical music?

Harmony in Indian classical music is mainly the result of the tanpura playing a combination of the tonic (sa) and the fifth (pa) or fourth (ma) in a fixed pattern in the background, somewhat like an arpeggiated chord.

Does Indian music have chords?





In Indian Classical music we usually don’t have a chord system. There is usually a drone (mono chord) playing in the background through a stringed instrument assisted by the tabla , harmonium , flute etc in the foreground. Music is based on a Raga and various forms which are played over the drone in the background.

Why is falsetto not allowed in Indian classical?

Falsetto voice uses the light musculature but only the edges of the vocal folds vibrate, and there’s usually an air leak, resulting in a breathy sound. It’s not suitable for most classical singing.

Which is more difficult Carnatic or Hindustani?

While Carnatic music lays a lot of emphasis on composition and lyrics, Hindustani lays a lot of stress on the plain notes (swaras).

Which one is better Hindustani vs Carnatic?

Basic Difference: In this respect, Carnatic music fares much better than Hindustani music. For there is between them a basic difference in their approach to raga, sahitya and inspiration.

Who invented ragas?

Balamurali, a legend, who created ragas with three swaras – The Hindu.



Why does Indian music sound so different?

One reason that Indian music sounds so different to the Westerner is that the major/minor tonal system is not used. Harmony, and specifically tonal harmony, has been the basic organizing principle in Western music – classical, folk, and popular – for centuries.

Why Indian music is not popular?

The first and foremost reason behind such lacuna is the linguistic barrier as English is a standard language spoken all across the world which is mostly the medium of delivery undertaken by Western artists, whereas Indian music masterpieces are mostly delivered in Hindi or in respective regional languages.

Is Indian music more complex?

– Western music uses major and minor scales and equal temperament notes, while the Indian Classical music uses a much more complex system of scales, with parent scales and descendant families that sound very different from each other.



Which is older Carnatic or Hindustani?

(i) Origin of Hindustani music is earlier than Carnatic music. It synthesizes with Vedic chants, Islamic traditions and Persian Musiqu-e-Assil style. Carnatic is Comparatively pure and was developed in 15th 16th century during Bhakti movement and also get boost in 19th -20th century.

Who is the father of music in India?

Purandara Dasa is considered the father of Carnatic music, while the later musicians Tyagaraja, Shyama Shastry and Muthuswami Dikshitar are considered the trinity of Carnatic music.

What is the vocal style of India?

The major vocal forms or styles associated with Hindustani classical music are dhrupad, khyal, and tarana. Light classical forms include dhamar, trivat, chaiti, kajari, tappa, tap-khyal, ashtapadis, thumri, dadra, ghazal and bhajan; these do not adhere to the rigorous rules of classical music.

Why are Indian singers so high pitched?

The answer, and composers will know it, is that a higher pitch corresponds with a younger girl’s voice. It more efficiently communicates virginity. Bollywood’s spread in the 1930s and 1940s anticipated the arrival of a shrill singer and it turned out to be Lata Mangeshkar.



Do Indian singers use head voice?

And then we bra we extend it into the head voice whereas in Indian or western pop singing we use our chest voice and then we extend though higher ranges into the falsetto.