Which scales to use on complex chord progressions?



Asked by: James Bamigboye

How do you match scales with chord progressions?





Don't know which skill to use in order to find the scale it's really simple we're simply going to print out a blank guitar fretboard on that guitar fretboard.

Which scale should I use over this chord progression?

The rule is to use Major pentatonic scales over major chords and minor pentatonic scales over minor chords. This works well for most chords. All you need to do is switch scales with the chord changes.

How do you improvise over complex chord progressions?

How to Improvise Over Unrelated Chords

  1. Try to find one simple scale, chord, or set of pitches that work over all the chords. Or at least two or more chords in a row. …
  2. Take a short melodic fragment and sequence it. …
  3. Ignore the key center movement, simplify the progression, and pick a target key to resolve to.


Do chord progressions have to be in the same scale?





In your average chord progression, most of the time all of the notes will stay in the scale that correlates with the key of your song. If the song is in G major, your chords will contain notes that are found in that scale- G major, C major, D major, E minor, A minor, B minor.

Which chords with which scales?

Chord-Scale System

Mode Chord 5
C Melodic minor CmMaj7 G
C Phrygian ♮6 Cm13♭9 G
C Lydian Augmented CMaj13#5#11 G#
C Lydian Dominant C13#11 G

What scales are based on chords?

Basic chord-scale relationships. Example 3. Chord-scale relationships in a ii–V–I progression in C.



Basic Chord-Scale Relationships.

Chord quality Mode Example
minor 7th chord Dorian Dm7 = D dorian
dominant 7th chord Mixolydian G7 = G mixolydian
major 7th chord Ionian Cmaj7 = C ionian


How do you use pentatonic scales over chords?

So you're playing can outline the chord that is being played and that is where the pentatonic really shines because it fits perfectly over all the most-used chords.



How do I choose the right scale?

So if you happen to know scales that reflect the key of a minor like the a minor pentatonic scale or the a natural minor scale or some other scales that we'll get into in this video.

How do you solo over a chord progression?

But now the chord is changing. As you can hear in this really simple example then my D minor melody which is in fact just the D minor 7 arpeggio is really just put there to give me a way to get to

What pentatonic scales go together?

To form the C Major pentatonic scale, you would take the 1 = C, 2 = D, 3 = E, 5 = G, 6 = A. To form the C minor pentatonic scale, you would take the 1 = C, b3 = Eb, 4 = F, 5 = G, b7 = Bb.



Forming Pentatonic Scales in Parallel.



Scale Note Degrees (Based on the Major Scale)
Minor Pentatonic 1-b3-4-5-b7

What scales can I play in the key of G?

The key of G major mostly uses the notes of the G major scale, which are G, A, B, C, D, E, and F♯. The key signature has one sharp, F♯, and its relative minor key is E minor.

What scales to play over minor chords?

The Pentatonic scale is the easiest and most effective scale to play over a minor key and is capable of beautiful bluesy, dark and soulful sounds. The scale is widely used in pop, rock, blues and other styles of music. It consists of five notes: 1 b3 4 5 b7 compared to the major scale (1 2 3 4 5 6 7).

What is chordal scale?

The chord-scale system is a method of matching, from a list of possible chords, a list of possible scales. The system has been widely used since the 1970s and is “generally accepted in the jazz world today”.

What chords go with which modes?

Major chords follow the formula 1-3-5-7. Both Ionian and Lydian modes contain these notes; therefore either mode can be used.



Seventh Chords and Modes.



Chord Quality Mode
Major, Major 7 Ionian, Lydian
Minor, Minor 7 Dorian, Phrygian, Aeolian
Major, Dominant 7 Mixolydian
Diminished, Minor7b5 Locrian


What is D Dorian scale?

And What Is The Dorian Mode? The Dorian mode is, in its purest form, the white notes from D-D. This means that a D Dorian scale is D, E, F, G, A, B, C. Obviously, this is the enharmonic equivalent of C major, so the notes are exactly the same; it’s the way you use the scale that changes things.

What is C Dorian scale?

The C Dorian scale consists of seven notes. These can be described as steps on the guitar fingerboard according to the following formula: whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half and whole from the first note to the same in the next octave. The C Dorian is the second mode of the Bb Major Scale.

When should I play Dorian mode?

The Dorian mode is commonly used to solo over minor 7th chords, applicable to the ubiquitous II–7 V7 I progression, and a creative substitute, or expansion, of the minor pentatonic scale used in blues and rock.



Is a Dorian same as G major?

Strictly speaking, A Dorian is not a G major scale. It’s not a major scale, and it’s not G based. True, it uses each and every note found in the G major scale, so we call G major its parent scale/key. But it’s actually a minor scale, having its third note (C) a m3 from the root, which is note A.

Can you play Dorian over major chords?

You can play both dorian scale positions in all keys. If you want to play the Dorian scale in a different key, just move the entire scale up or down. For example: If you move A dorian scale up a whole step (2 frets) you’re playing B dorian. If you move D Dorian down a whole step you’re playing C dorian.