What is the roman numeral of the subtonic chord in a minor scale, VII or V/III?



Asked by: Josh Hawkins

What is the subtonic chord?





In Roman numeral analysis, the subtonic chord is symbolized by the Roman numeral “♭VII” in a major key. In a minor key, it is often written as “VII”, the flat symbol being often omitted by some theorists because the subtonic note appears in the natural minor scale.

What are the Roman numerals for a minor scale?

The Roman numerals and qualities of seventh chords in minor keys are as follows:

  • i: minor.
  • ii°: diminished.
  • III: major.
  • iv: minor.
  • v: minor.
  • V: major (raised leading tone)
  • VI: major.
  • VII: major.

What is a subtonic in music?

In natural minor, the seventh note is a whole step below the tonic. In this case, the note is called a subtonic. In natural minor, the seventh note is a whole step below the tonic. In this case, the note is called a subtonic (or “flattened leading note”).

How do you find Roman numerals with chords?

Typically, uppercase Roman numerals (such as I, IV, V) are used to represent major chords, while lowercase Roman numerals (such as ii, iii, vi) are used to represent minor chords (see Major and Minor below for alternative notations).

What scale has a subtonic?





Scale Degrees

Scale Degree Note Number in Scale Comments
Subdominant 4 Fifth below tonic
Dominant 5 Second most important note after tonic
Submediant 6 Half way between tonic and subdominant
Subtonic b7 Whole step below tonic

What is VII in A minor key?

For instance, the VII chord in A minor is a G-major triad, and the III chord in A minor is a C-major triad.

How do you write major 7 in Roman numerals?

Roman numerals

  1. I7: major seventh – do, mi, sol, ti.
  2. ii7: minor seventh – re, fa, la, do.
  3. iii7: minor seventh – mi, sol, ti, re.
  4. IV7: major seventh – fa, la, do, mi.
  5. V7: dominant seventh – sol, ti, re, fa.
  6. vi7: minor seventh – la, do, mi, sol.
  7. vii7: half-diminished seventh – ti, re, fa, la.


What is vii music?

Music Theory for the 21st-Century Classroom



The ♭ VII chord can precede tonic, dominant, and pre-dominant chords, which means it can substitute for any function except tonic. Notice also that movement from IV – I (from the plagal cadence) is common in the following examples from popular music.



What do Roman numerals mean in chords?

In traditional music theory, Roman numerals (I, II, III, IV, and so on) represent both the degrees of the major scale and the chord quality of each chord. Uppercase Roman numerals represent major chords, while lowercase numerals represent minor chords.

How do you find a number in a chord?

The numerals on top represent the scale degree from which each chord is derived. These are the chord numbers. Note that this also denotes the chord quality. Uppercase numerals represent major chords while lowercase numerals represent minor chords.

What are Roman numerals in piano chords?

Roman Numerals Chords in Music Theory



  • Roman numerals in music represent the steps of a music scale, either major or minor.
  • For example:
  • I – ii – iii – IV – V – vi – vii° and back to I (or VIII)
  • Translated to, for example, a C major scale, the chords are:
  • C – Dm – Em – F – G – Am – B dim, and back to C.

What is the difference between leading tone and subtonic?

The term subtonic is generic while leading note is specific. While subtonic can be used for every seventh tone (irrespective of its distance from the tonic), the term leading note is specifically used for the seventh tones that are a half-step below the tonic.

What is the subtonic of F minor?

In contrast, the F natural minor scale has a whole tone (two half-tones / semitones, two notes on the piano keyboard) between the 7th and 8th notes, and the 7th note does not lean towards the 8th note in the same way. In this case, the 7th note is called the subtonic.

How is the VII chord used?

Music Theory for the 21st-Century Classroom



The ♭ VII chord can precede tonic, dominant, and pre-dominant chords, which means it can substitute for any function except tonic. Notice also that movement from IV – I (from the plagal cadence) is common in the following examples from popular music.

What can follow a vii chord?

vii° chords lead to I or iii chords.



What is vii V?

In music, the ♭VII–V7 cadence is a cadence using the chord progression from the subtonic (♭VII) to the dominant seventh (V7).

Can VII go to III?

The strongest way to get to iii is a circle progression from vii o, which is already on the chart. Finally, since I is the main chord of the scale, it can go to any other chord.

What is the VII chord called?

A dominant seventh chord, or major-minor seventh chord is a chord composed of a root, major third, perfect fifth, and minor seventh. It can be also viewed as a major triad with an additional minor seventh. It is denoted using popular music symbols by adding a superscript “7” after the letter designating the chord root.

How do you write a major minor 7th chord?


It's just built using stacks of minor thirds. So if we start with a C. And go up a minor. Third.



What is E7 chord?

E7 is a type of dominant seventh chord—remember, a major triad plus a flatted seventh. An E major triad is spelled E G# B, as shown in Example 1, and an E7 chord contains the notes E, G#, B, and D (Example 2).