What is the definition of Mid-side stereo as compared with X-Y stereo?

Asked by: Christine Ghorbani

What is mid-side stereo?

Mid-Side is a coincident technique, meaning that both mics are placed as closely as possible to each other and the stereo image is created by differences in loudness rather than time delays, on which other stereo miking methods rely. Mid-Side uses a mid mic, which usually has a cardioid pattern, but can also be omni.

What is XY stereo?

XY stereo recording uses a coincident pair of directional- or bidirectional, angled microphones. Hence, the directional information is obtained solely from the level difference between signals. In practice, “coincident” means that the microphone capsules must be placed close and normally slightly above each other (fig.

What is mid-side input?

Mid/side processing takes a left/right stereo signal and breaks it up into two separate layers: Mid and Side. Mid/side processing is a highly effective way of making adjustments to the spacialization of a mix or master to make your mix sound full and wide.

What is mid-side recording used for?

The M/S technique gives you more control over the width of the stereo spread than other microphone recording techniques, and allows you to make adjustments at any time after the recording is finished.

What is mid music?

Mid frequency sounds are sounds that are between the Hz range, which is where you can intelligently determine human speech. Sounds in this range often have a tinny or horn-like quality. High Sound Frequency Waves.

What is mid channel?

adjective. Following the middle of a channel; situated or occurring in the middle of a channel.

What is an XY pair?

In X-Y Pairs, two identical microphones are mounted together in one location one above the other. The position of the microphone heads and the angle between the microphones are both important here. There are a few different X-Y pairings, and the first we’ll discuss here is the coincident pair.

What is an XY mic?

X-Y (coincident) stereo miking consists of using two microphones that are placed right next to each other so that the diaphragms are as close together as possible without touching one another.

How do you set up XY overheads?


  1. XY.
  2. Setup is pretty well as it sounds, put the mics right next to each over the kit, with one mic pointing towards one side of the kit, one pointing the other. …
  3. This is probably the most common method for miking overheads. …
  4. ORTF is similar to XY, however there is a space between the two microphones.

When should you use mid side EQ?

Use mid-side equalization to create a wider stereo image on a full mix or individual elements. You can create stereo width by changing the balance between mid and side levels. For example, widen a signal by boosting high frequencies in the side channel or attenuating low frequencies in the mid channel.

How do you set up a mid side recording?

So these will be the mid and the side channels the mid microphone. Just point it directly at your instrument you could record a variety of different instruments with this straight out the instrument.

How do you mix mids?

6 Strategies for Taming Midrange in a Busy Mix

  1. Article Content. …
  2. Identify the Most Important Elements. …
  3. EQ Cuts to Improve Clarity & Headroom. …
  4. Carve out Space for Lead Instruments. …
  5. More Control With Multiband Compression. …
  6. Increase Separation with Mid/Side Processing. …
  7. Use Sidechain Compression. …
  8. Conclusion.

What does midrange sound like?

Midrange covers the audible spectrum from 250 to 4,000 Hz, and includes instruments such as the guitar (275 Hz), flute (800 Hz) and piano (2,000 Hz). Finally, any treble sound falls between 4,000 and 20,000 Hz, but musical instruments typically can’t surpass 12,000 Hz.

What is mid mixer?

If your mixer has two pots under the heading “MID”, it’s a mixer that allows you to adjust what the mid frequency range encompasses. The top knob allows you to set the centre frequency of that range.

What is midrange track?

Midrange: 500 Hz to 2 kHz

Too much around 500 Hz can make your mix sound boxy, but not enough and the track feels thin. Try boosting 700 – 900 Hz on the bass guitar to help add clarity without muddying up the low end. Just be careful—too much and your tracks can start to “honk.”

What frequency is best for bass?

The best Hz for bass is between 60-250 Hz, as recommended by professionals. These ranges protect speakers from damage and ensure optimal safety and listening experience for you. Listening to bass at too low a frequency outside of this range can damage hearing.

What are mids lows and highs?

well highs mean high powered bass, BOMM i mean BOOM, and mids mean the middle of the song, “man these headphones have great mids” = “these headphones make the middle of the song sound great” and lows are when the headphone stops satisfying you and you don’t have enough money for a new pair, those are the lows.