What is first chair?

Asked by: John Keller

What does the term first chair mean?

first chair (plural first chairs) The premier of several musicians playing a particular instrument in an orchestra: seated closest to the audience, taking the lead for that instrument’s movements, and playing any solos.

What does 1st chair mean in band?

Also Called. First Chair, First Violinist, Concertmistress. The first chair violinist of an orchestra—known as the concertmaster—is a vital musical leader with widely ranging responsibilities, from tuning the orchestra to working closely with the conductor. Careers in Orchestra, Chorus, and Band.

What do first chairs do?

The concertmaster sits to the conductor’s left, closest to the audience, in what is called the “first chair,” “first [music] stand” or outside of the US “first desk.” The concertmaster makes decisions regarding bowing and other technical details of violin playing for the violins, and sometimes all of the string players

Is first chair good?

The first chair is basically the best player of the section. That means that the person in that chair has an opportunity to teach the rest of the section how to do certain things. For example, an orchestra: the first chair would be the example of the bowing and fingering.

What is 2nd chair in band?

They are in control of the bands style and tone, so this player has to be very precise and understand the music well. Second chair plays harmonies with the lead, and some charts will even have sections where the second takes over as the lead for a few bars.

How do you become a first chair?

The first chair in an orchestra or band holds a lot of power: after the conductor, the rest of the ensemble looks to the first chair for clues on musicality and performance. Because of this, the position of first chair usually goes to an accomplished musician who is conscientious enough to keep the group on task.

Is the concertmaster always a violinist?

What are his/her responsibilities? The concertmaster is the lead violinist. As the violinist with the highest “rank”, he/she sits in the first chair, next to the conductor’s podium. The concertmaster leads the orchestra in its tuning prior to the concert, and customarily plays all of the violin solos within pieces.

How much does a first chair violinist make?

How much does a Violinist make? The average Violinist salary is $64,335 per year, or $30.93 per hour, in the United States. People on the lower end of that spectrum, the bottom 10% to be exact, make roughly $28,000 a year, while the top 10% makes $146,000.

Who is the real concertmaster?

Frank Huang was born in Beijing, China. At the age of seven he moved to Houston, Texas, where he began violin lessons with his mother.

Where does first chair sit in band?

The most skilled musician sits in the first chair of each section and plays any solo parts for that instrument. The next most skilled player would sit in the second chair and the least skilled musician would sit in the last chair of his or her section.

Why do orchestras wear black?

Here lies the crucial argument: orchestra players wear black, because the audience wants to pay attention to the music – not them. Many classical music lovers believe that there should be absolutely nothing to distract from the music, not even the performers themselves. Playing in an orchestra is a group effort.

What is a violinist called?

Violins can be strung with gut, Perlon or other synthetic, or steel strings. A person who makes or repairs violins is called a luthier or violinmaker. One who makes or repairs bows is called an archetier or bowmaker.

A standard modern violin shown from the top and the side
String instrument
Other names fiddle

What is the hardest instrument to play?

The 11 Hardest Musical Instruments to Learn

  • Violin. The violin is a wooden stringed instrument that’s part of a larger family of similar instruments. …
  • The French Horn. …
  • The Organ. …
  • Bagpipes. …
  • Accordion. …
  • Oboe. …
  • Harp. …
  • Guitar.

What is the head of an orchestra called?

Conductor: The leader of the orchestra, who provides the beat by moving his/her arms, usually with a baton in one hand, to keep all members of the orchestra together and ensure that players come in at the correct time.