What do ‘dominant’ and ‘plagal’ mean in medieval music?



Asked by: Stephanie Thomas

Dominant: a major chord, built on the tone a perfect fifth above the tonic, used to form authentic, half, and deceptive cadences. Plagal: a cadence type (disputed by some) moving from a chord without the leading tone to the tonic chord.

What is a plagal in music?





Definition of plagal cadence



: a musical cadence in which subdominant harmony resolves to the tonic (see tonic entry 2 sense 2) — called also amen cadence. — compare authentic cadence.

What does dominant mean music theory?

dominant, in music, the fifth tone or degree of a diatonic scale (i.e., any of the major or minor scales of the tonal harmonic system), or the triad built upon this degree. In the key of C, for example, the dominant degree is the note G; the dominant triad is formed by the notes G–B–D in the key of C major or C minor.

What is a Plagal mode?

Definition of plagal mode



: a church mode (such as Hypophrygian or Hypomixolydian) with the same final (see final entry 2 sense c) as its parallel authentic mode but with an ambitus a fourth lower A plagal mode is found a fourth below its authentic, and the final of the authentic serves also for the plagal.—

What is a Plagal cadence used for?

So a plagal cadence is called four followed by chord one so if i go four followed by one that's the recipe. For a plagal cadence sounds a bit odd if i just kind of play these in this sort of bold.

What do plagal cadences sound like?





Different sound it's a slightly. Less. Strong close it's a bit of a softer close and it's used in certain types of music you often get it in him tunes. People often call this the are men cadence.

What is a plagal extension?

In the plagal cadence the subdominant (IV) triad leads to the tonic (I). This cadence usually is an extension to an authentic cadence, and its most characteristic and formulaic usage in the West is with the final amen (IV–I) at the end of a hymn in Christian churches.

What do you mean dominant?

Definition of dominant



(Entry 1 of 2) 1a : commanding, controlling, or prevailing over all others the dominant culture. b : very important, powerful, or successful a dominant theme a dominant industry the team’s dominant performance. 2 : overlooking and commanding from a superior position a dominant hill.

What does dominant mean in a chord?

A dominant chord is a major triad built on the fifth scale degree of either a major scale or a minor scale. Major triads consist of a root note, a major third, and a perfect fifth. A dominant seventh chord adds an additional scale degree—the flat seventh (also called a dominant seventh).

Whats a dominant key?

The dominant key is the key whose tonic is a perfect fifth above (or a perfect fourth below) the tonic of the main key of the piece. Put another way, it is the key whose tonic is the dominant scale degree in the main key.



How do you recognize perfect and plagal cadences?

Complete finished sound to it. So that's the first finished cadence the second finished cadence is called the plagal cadence. Now this goes from chord four to chord. One.

What are the 4 cadences in music?

Four principal types of harmonic cadence are identified in common practice: usually these are called authentic, half, plagal, and deceptive cadences.

How do you write plagal cadences?

So now I have part written my tonic triad with two F sharps right here's one and here's one and then one a there's the a and then one C sharp there's the C sharp.



What is a plagal cadence in piano?

Means the the primary chord the Homebase chord in whatever key your answer if you're in the key of C.

What cadence is IV to V?

A half cadence (also called an imperfect cadence or semicadence) is any cadence ending on V, whether preceded by II (V of V), ii, vi, IV, or I—or any other chord. Because it sounds incomplete or suspended, the half cadence is considered a weak cadence that calls for continuation.

What chords are used to create a plagal cadence?

A Plagal Cadence moves from chord IV to chord I (IV-I). It is sometimes called the “Amen Cadence” because the word “Amen” is set to it at the end of many traditional hymns.

How do you understand cadences?

A cadence is a two-chord progression that occurs at the end of a phrase. If a phrase ends with any chord going to V, a half cadence (HC) occurs. If a phrase ends with any chord going to V, an imperfect cadence occurs. Replay the first four measures and notice the sound of the half cadence.



What cadence is I to IV?

A plagal cadence is a cadence from the subdominant (IV) to the tonic (I). It is also known as the Amen Cadence because of its frequent setting to the text “Amen” in hymns. Here it is being used at the end of The Doxology Hymn. The term “minor plagal cadence” is used to refer to the iv–I progression.