What are the patterns of the minor scales?

Asked by: Megan Johansen

In music theory, the minor scale is three scale patterns – the natural minor scale (or Aeolian mode), the harmonic minor scale, and the melodic minor scale (ascending or descending) – rather than just two as with the major scale, which also has a harmonic form but lacks a melodic form.

What are the three minor scale patterns?

MINOR SCALES: There are 3 forms of minor scales: natural, harmonic and melodic.

What is the melodic pattern of minor scale?

Melodic minors:

are different ascending and descending. ascending they use this pattern: T – S – T – T – T – T – S. descending they use this pattern: T – T – S – T – T – S – T. raised 6th and 7th notes ascending (like the major scale)

How do you explain a minor scale?

Let's review the major scale formula every minor scale has a relative major key that shares the same key signature if we build a major scale starting on C.

What is the pattern for a minor key?

The scale that is created by playing all the notes in a minor key signature is a natural minor scale. To create a natural minor scale, start on the tonic note, and go up the scale using the interval pattern: whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step.

What is the pattern of tones and semitones in a minor scale?

The pattern of a melodic minor key is: tone – semitone – tone – tone – tone – tone – semitone ascending and tone – tone – semitone – tone – tone – semitone – tone descending. Harmonic minors use the relative major key signature and raise the seventh note of the scale.

Do minor scales have modes?

There are four minor modes (those with minor 3rds), and we have already seen one of them, Aeolian. Since we are familiar with Aeolian—we know the scale by its other name, natural minor —we will use it as a point of reference.

Why are there 3 types of minor scales?

So why are there 3 minor scales? There are 3 minor scales, or more precisely, 3 variants of the minor scale because of how harmony and melody interact in tonal music. Composers change some notes of the minor scale to achieve a specific sound for a particular style.

What is the formula for minor scales?

The minor scale is created with a formula, just like the major scale. The formula for the minor scale is whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole. This formula is the same sequence as the major scale formula, but it begins on a different note.

How do you remember minor scales?

To play, let’s say, the “A minor” scale, all you have to do is play all the notes of the “C major scale” (its relative major) — beginning and ending on “A.” In other words, “A minor” and “C major” share the same EXACT notes. The only, and I mean the ONLY difference is the starting and ending notes of their scales.

What is the minor scale pattern guitar?

The minor scale formula follows the pattern W, H, W, W, H, W, W. Lastly, you can take a modal approach to the minor scale. The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes.

What are the intervals of A minor scale?

Many of the intervals in the natural minor scale are the same as intervals found in the major scale: major 2nd, perfect 4th, perfect 5th, and octave. However, the natural minor scale contains a minor 3rd, 6th, and 7th, whereas the major scale contains a major 3rd, 6th, and 7th.

What is the pattern of a major scale?

A major scale is a diatonic scale. The sequence of intervals between the notes of a major scale is: whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half. where “whole” stands for a whole tone (a red u-shaped curve in the figure), and “half” stands for a semitone (a red angled line in the figure).

What are scale patterns?

The circles on a scale pattern show you where to play the notes on the guitar neck. The pattern above includes a fret number. This tells you at which fret you should position your hand in order to play a specific scale (in this case an F pentatonic minor). Not all scale patterns provide a fret number.

How many scale patterns are there?

Starting with the root on the 6th string, there are four common scale patterns. Note that in the first scale pattern you’re using open notes in the scale, but this pattern is movable and can be played anywhere on the neck.

What is the pattern of pitches that form a scale?

In music a scale is a pattern of pitches rising and falling on the degrees of the staff of which melodies and harmonies can be made. Scales divide an octave up into smaller intervals. The first note of a scale is called the tonic.

Which is the pattern of whole and half steps in the ascending harmonic minor scale?

The harmonic minor form of the minor scale consists of an ordered collection of half- and whole-steps in the ascending succession W-H-W-W-H-3Hs-H.

How many whole steps are in a minor scale?

The minor scale

The natural minor scale consists of seven whole (W) and half (H) steps in the following succession: W-H-W-W-H-W-W. Note the changes in solfège syllables.