What are some common jazz chord progressions?



Asked by: Daniel Brock

The most foundational chord progressions in jazz are:

Chord Progression Common Name Example
ii-V-I “Two-Five-One” Dm – G7 – C
Secondary Dominant “Five of Five” D7 – G7 – C
Tritone Substitution “Tritone Sub” Db7 – C
I-IV “One-Four” C – F

What kind of chords are used in jazz?





Analytic practice in Jazz recognizes four basic chord types, plus diminished seventh chords. The four basic chord types are major, minor, minor-major, and dominant. When written in a jazz chart, these chords may have alterations specified in parentheses after the chord symbol.

How do you come up with jazz chord progressions?

So instead of starting with the D minor g7 – C major I'm not gonna start with the tonic. And I'm just gonna really turn around the previous progression. So we have C major and then we get to five.

What is a 2 5 1 jazz progression?

Step 5: So a 2-5-1 (aka ii-V-I) is a little building block progression made up of the 2nd, 5th and 1st chords of the diatonic set. So in the case of C major, that means Dm, G, C. It’s an incredibly common songwriting device, and you’ll hear it in all forms and genres of music, not just jazz.

What is the most common 4 chord progression?

The most important four-chord progression: vi-IV-I-V

  • The vi–IV–I–V progression, also referred to as I–V–vi–IV, is a very popular option for many songwriters. …
  • This was Am–F–C–G: vi–IV–I–V in the key of C.
  • That time it was C–G-Am–F: I–V–vi–IV.

Are 7th chords used in jazz?





Seventh chords create a much fuller sound than triads and are used in jazz music to create richer harmonic progressions. There are 5 main types of seventh chord that you need to learn – major, minor, dominant, half diminished and diminished.

What is the best key for jazz?

The Ionian scale, aka the major scale is one of the most commonly used scales in jazz music. This scale has been used countless by some of the greats. It’s a great point to start if you’re new to jazz.

What chords are used in LoFi?

7 Jazz Piano Chords That Sound Great for LoFi Hip Hop

  • Chord 1 – Major 7th Chord. You will use the C, E, G and B notes to make up the major 7th chord. …
  • Chord 2 – Dominant 7th Chord. …
  • Chord 3 – Minor 7th Chord. …
  • Chord 4 – Diminished 7th Chord. …
  • Chord 5 – Major 9th Chord. …
  • Chord 6 – Dominant 9th. …
  • Chord 7 – Minor 9th Chord.


How do you play jazz progressions?

Don't always have to play root position major seven chords use a nine chord. You're nine maybe after this root position major chord. We could play a minor nine chord. And then maybe a thirteen chord.



What scale is jazz?

Two pentatonic scales common to jazz are the major pentatonic scale and the minor pentatonic scale. They are both modes of one another. The major pentatonic scale begins with a major scale and omits the fourth and the seventh scale degrees.

What are the 4 chords to every pop song?

The famous four chords used in many pop song progressions are the I, V, vi and IV chords of a major key. The roman numerals represent the numbers of the major scale we begin a chord from (1, 5, 6, 4) so in C major this would be C, G, Amin, F or in G major it would be G, D, Emin, C.

What are the 4 magic chords?

It turns out that the four magical chords are E, B, C# minor and A. But with so many chords to choose from, why did dozens of hit songs end up with the same four chords? At first glance, it seems strange that so many songs should have the same chords.



What is a 1/4 5 chord progression?

The 1-4-5 chord progression consists of the movement of chords from the first degree, to the fourth degree, then to the first degree. The numbers 1, 4, and 5 are basically there to give an outline of the movement of the root note of the chords.

What does +7 mean in jazz?

The plus sign ( ) can mean “augmented triad” or is equivalent to a sharp when placed in front of 9, 11, or 13. C 7 means a C augmented triad (“C ”) with a minor seventh from the root to the seventh(“7”), not a C major triad with a major 7th.

What is a dominant chord in jazz?

The dominant chord has a key function in jazz, to resolve down a fifth. You can also think of this as taking the 1, 3, 5 and flat-7 from the Mixolydian mode. There’s only one dominant chord in the key, and it’s primary function is to resolve you back to the I chord, as if it is taking you back home.

What are tensions in jazz?

Available Tensions



  • Available tensions – are tensions that complement the consonance/sound/feel of the chord;
  • Unavailable tensions – are tensions that conflict with the consonance/sound/feel of the chord. More specifically, an unavailable tension is a note that creates a ♭9 interval with a chord tone.


Why do 7th chords sound jazzy?

In Jazz, rather than using triads as our basic chord, we add another note on top (either a minor 7th or a Major 7th) to create 7th Chords. This makes the chord sound a little more harmonically complex. The four basic types of triad can each be extended to create eight types of 7th chords.

What chord is Cegb?

A major seventh uses the standard triad pattern for a major chord, then adds a note four semitones on top. So that’s C-E-G-B, for example. A minor seventh is similar, but adds three semitones on top of a minor chord – say, C-Eb-G-Bb. One more variant is the dominant seventh.

Are 7th chords major or minor?

A dominant seventh chord, or major-minor seventh chord is a chord composed of a root, major third, perfect fifth, and minor seventh. It can be also viewed as a major triad with an additional minor seventh.



What does I IV V mean in music?

The I, IV, and V chords are the three most used chords in each major key. Aloud you would call them, “The one, four, and five chords.” The I chord is built on the first note of the key. The IV chord is built on the fourth note of the key. And, the V chord is built on the fifth note of the key.

Which chord is dominant?

A dominant chord is a major triad built on the fifth scale degree of either a major scale or a minor scale. Major triads consist of a root note, a major third, and a perfect fifth. A dominant seventh chord adds an additional scale degree—the flat seventh (also called a dominant seventh).