Voice crossings and voice leading measures?



Asked by: Asri Varner

“I consider a measure of voice-leading size to be “reasonable” if it satisfies two basic requirements: first, it should depend only on how far the individual voices move, with larger motion leading to larger voice leadings; and second, it should judge voice leadings with voice crossings to be larger (or at the very …

What is considered voice crossing?





In music, voice crossing is the intersection of melodic lines in a composition, leaving a lower voice on a higher pitch than a higher voice (and vice versa).

What is meant by voice leading?

The term “voice leading” refers to the way in which individual voices move from chord to chord. The best voice leading occurs when all individual voices move smoothly. You can achieve this by moving between chords using the same note or moving up or down by a step in the inner voices of the chord, whenever possible.

What are the basic principles of voice leading?

The principles of voice leading can be summarize as follows: Keep common tones, Move voices by step, if possible, If you can’t move by step, move by smallest possible interval, Use contrary motion, if possible.

How do you find your leading voice?

So in order to follow the common tone voice leading rule we're going to keep the e in the treble cleft the same the other notes we need to fill out this chord our G sharp B.

What is voice crossing in SATB?





Voice crossing occurs when voices actually cross over the boundary of another voice so you can see here the soprano is lower than the alto.

How do you write 4 parts of vocal harmony?

The Notation



As we said, 4-part harmony is written for 4 voices: Soprano, Alto, Tenor and Bass (SATB in short). The notation for these is written on two staves: one in the treble clef for the Soprano and Alto parts and the other in the bass clef for the Tenor and Bass parts.

Is voice leading necessary?

Voice leading so voice leading is a simple idea it's this idea that you want to create smooth transitions between note changes whether it's within a melody or contained in a chord progression.

What are voice leading errors?

Voice leading refers to the interaction between multiple musical lines in a composition. There are some common errors to watch out for that can undermine the success of the music. Unresolved tendency tones, leading tones, and sevenths can leave the composition feeling incomplete.

What cadence is I to IV?

A plagal cadence is a cadence from the subdominant (IV) to the tonic (I). It is also known as the Amen Cadence because of its frequent setting to the text “Amen” in hymns. Here it is being used at the end of The Doxology Hymn. The term “minor plagal cadence” is used to refer to the iv–I progression.



What does voicing mean in choir?

Choral voicing is a technique with long-standing history used by choral directors to seat singers based on characteristics of the voice—color, tone, timbre, placement, and vibrato.

What is part writing in music?

Part-writing (or voice leading) is the composition of parts in consideration of harmony and counterpoint. In the context of polyphonic composition the term voice may be used instead of part to denote a single melodic line or textural layer.

What are the 4 elements of music?

4 Elements of Music Composition



  • SOUND. TIMBRE. RHYTHM. …
  • When composing it is always essential to carefully examine the elements and how they may be of use during the process. Here are the four elements we begin with here in the Mad Composer Lab. SOUND. …
  • TIMBRE. is described as the tone quality or tone color of a sound.


What are the 5 elements of music?

Understanding each word will strengthen your musical skills and accelerate your musicianship.

  • Rhythm.
  • Melody.
  • Harmony.
  • Form.
  • Timbre.
  • Beat.
  • Meter.
  • Time Signature.

What is a leading-tone in music theory?

In music theory, a leading-tone (also called a subsemitone, and a leading-note in the UK) is a note or pitch which resolves or “leads” to a note one semitone higher or lower, being a lower and upper leading-tone, respectively. Typically, the leading tone refers to the seventh scale degree of a major scale (

How do you increase leading tone?

Because I didn't raise the leading tone don't forget to raise your leading tones in dominant chords in minor. The leading tone in a minor is G sharp. So now the chord is spelled correctly.



How do you use leading tones?

For instance in the key of C major the leading tone is a seventh scale degree B. So we go one two three four five six. And then our ears really.