Terminology for determining form and harmonic structure when there are no apparent chords?

Asked by: Billy Givens

What is the term for a chord when the notes are performed separately instead of at the same time?

Explanation. An arpeggio is a group of notes played one after the other, up or down in pitch. The player plays the notes of a particular chord individually rather than together.

What is the musical term for when a non tonic chord sounds like the tonic for a brief passage often because of an applied chord )?

Applied chords are modeled on familiar dominant-function chords (V, V7, vii, vii7, and vii7) and suggest a temporary tonic function for some chord other than the global tonic (or home key). The momentary highlighting of such a pseudo-tonic by means of a pseudo-dominant chord is called tonicization.

What is a Plagal chord?

[English] A chord progression where the subdominant chord is followed by the tonic chord (IV-I). The “IV” represents the chord based on the fourth step of the scale and the “I” represents the chord based on the first step of the scale.

How do you identify Tonicization?

Applied chords are notated with a slash. The chord before the slash is the identity of the applied chord within the secondary key , and the chord after the slash is the chord being tonicized.

What is a submediant note?

Submediant. The submediant is the sixth note of the scale. The term submediant (below – median, middle) indicates the note midway between the tonic and subdominant.

What is a pivot chord modulation?

A pivot-chord modulation makes use of at least one chord that is native to both the old key and the new key. It is the most common type of modulation in common-practice tonal music.

Can you modulate without a pivot chord?

Direct modulation (also known as phrase modulation) is a type of modulation where a composer decides to move suddenly to a new key without using pivot chords or preparing the new tonic with its dominant.

What is the difference between transposition and modulation?

Transposition is simply changing the key of a piece of music or section of music to another key. Modulation is changing keys within a piece of music, often times coming back to the original key. There can be many modulations within a piece of music.

What is a chromatic pivot chord?

Modulating to any key with the tonic chord serving as a diatonic chord of the original key does not necessitate a chromatic modulation. For instance, if C Major were to move to Bb Major, the PIVOT CHORD (chord shared by both keys) could be an F chord which is a IV in C and a V in Bb.

How do you identify pivot chords?

The pivot chord will be a chord that both keys share. For example, let’s say we’re modulating from C Major to G Major. We can see that these keys share a few of the same chords! So if you were playing in C Major, you’d likely use one of these shared chords to “pivot” to G Major for a smooth transition.

What is enharmonic modulation?

Definition of enharmonic modulation
: a modulation in which by enharmonically altering one or more notes the harmonic relation of a chord is changed so as to lead to a new key.