Standard Chord Naming Conventions?



Asked by: Duaa Perez

Chord Naming Conventions

  • Major Triads. The major triad is spelled root, major third, perfect fifth, so a C major triad would be C, E, G. …
  • Minor Triads. …
  • Diminished Triads. …
  • Augmented Triads. …
  • Major Seventh Chords. …
  • Dominant Seventh Chords. …
  • Minor Seventh Chords. …
  • Minor Seven Flat Five (Half-Diminished) Chords.

How can chords be named?





Remember, a chord symbol always names notes in the scale of the chord root, ignoring the key signature of the piece that the chord is in, so the alterations are from the scale of the chord, not from the key of the piece. There is some variation in the chord symbols for altered chords.

How do you label chords?

Chords are often labeled according to their function within a key. One system for doing so uses Roman numerals to designate the scale degree of the chord’s root. Some musicians also use Roman numerals to describe the quality of the chord. Capital Roman numerals (I, II, III, etc.)

What are the different chord names?

Chord Types

  • Major Chords.
  • Minor Chords.
  • Diminished Chords.
  • Major Seventh Chords.
  • Minor Seventh Chords.
  • Dominant Seventh Chords.
  • Suspended Chords (sus2, sus4)
  • Augmented Chords.

Are chords named after root note?

Chords derive their names from the root note; so a C chord has C for its root note and a G7 chord will have G. The interval between the root note and the third determines whether a chord is a major or minor. Chords may be strummed or the notes picked individually though beginners find strumming much easier.

What are the symbols for chords?





Lead Sheet Chord Symbols

Symbol Description Chord Quality Examples
Chord with a triangle Major 7th “C△”
Chord with a circle Diminished 7th “C°”
Chord with a circle with a line through it Half-Diminished “Cø”
Chord with a plus Augmented Chord “C+”

Which of this part determines the name of the cord?

The root of a chord gives the chord its name and establishes the relationship between all other notes in the chord.

How do you name chord progressions?

In many styles of popular and traditional music, chord progressions are expressed using the name and “quality” of the chords. For example, the previously mentioned chord progression, in the key of C major, would be written as C major–A minor–D minor–G major in a fake book or lead sheet.

Why are chords built in thirds?

To derive the notes in major harmony, you build a triad using 3/2 and 5/4 on the 1st, 4th and 5th. In other words, you stack 3/2 and 5/4 over 3/2 and 4/3. This gives you all the notes in the major scale. To do the same for minor harmony, you stack 3/2 and 6/5 over 3/2 and 4/3, giving you 1,2,b3,4,5,b6,b7.

What does C B mean in chords?


This is how you play a C over B. You're going to take your middle finger and put it on the 5th string 2nd fret and then you're going to take your first finger.



How do you name a chord based on notes?

Augmented and diminished chords get their names from the interval made between the root and the 5th of the triad. Here are some examples.



Chords with Three Notes

  1. Major+minor=major chord.
  2. Minor+major=minor chord.
  3. Major+major=augmented chord.
  4. Minor+minor=diminished chord.


How do piano chords get their names?

Chords are always named for their root. The C major chord, for example, will have a C as its root and lowest note. The third is going to be the third tone of the C major scale, or an E. The fifth will be the fifth tone of the C major scale, or the G.



How are guitar chords labeled?

Just like diatonic scale notes are numbered from one to seven, we also use numbers to denote the position of a chord relative to it’s key (scale). Roman numerals are used to label chord positions. Using the previous example, the chords belonging to C major would be labelled from one to seven like this: I – C Major.

How do you find the guitar chord name?

That's when you see those slashes. If you have that chord in like that as a deal over F sharp meaning over an S your face so this is how we name cords.

What are the 3 cowboy chords?

Also called “cowboy chords,” these basic open chords require only three fingers on the fretting hand: index, middle, and ring.

Why are open chords called cowboy chords?

Open chords, or open position chords, are guitar chords that include at least one unfretted open string. Open chords are also called “cowboy chords” because they’re among the simplest chords to play, making them easy to learn for beginners.



Are cowboy chords triads?

They are also triads e.g. chords that contain three notes and usually only require the index, middle, and pointer fingers of the fretting hand to play.

What chord is Eadgbe?

Guitars, however, are typically tuned in a series of ascending perfect fourths and a single major third. To be exact, from low to high, standard guitar tuning is EADGBE—three intervals of a fourth (low E to A, A to D and D to G), followed by a major third (G to B), followed by one more fourth (B to the high E).