Sheet music terminology?



Asked by: Tony Burton

These are the basic terms and parts of the sheet music that you need to know.

Piano Sheet Music Glossary

  • Adagio: Slow.
  • Allegro: Lively or fast.
  • Beat: The rhythm of the musical piece.
  • Bridge: Transitional passage.
  • Forte: Strong, powerful music.
  • Leggiero: Lightly.
  • Measure: One complete cycle of the time signature of a piece.

What are the parts of sheet music called?





Sheet music is made up of sections, called measures or bars, which consist of the same number of beats in each, as defined by the time signature.

What are the 7 elements of music?

For the purpose of this class, we will refer to SEVEN elements of music: Rhythm, Melody, Harmony, Timbre, Dynamics, Texture, and Form.

What is a sheet music notes called?

Each line and space of the staff correspond to a musical pitch, which is determined by the clef. Music notes are named after the first seven letters of the alphabet: A, B, C, D, E, F, G. The two clefs that are primarily used are the treble clef and bass clef.

What are the musical terms in music?

Music Term Definitions

  • Crescendo (cresc): Gradually increase the volume.
  • Decrescendo (decresc. ): Gradually softer.
  • Diminuendo (dim. …
  • Forte (f): Strong or loud.
  • Fortepiano (fp): Loud then immediately soft.
  • Fortissimo (ff): Very strong or loud.
  • Mezzo: medium or moderately (as in mezzo piano or mezzo soprano)
  • Morendo: Die away.

What do you call each line in sheet music?





In Western musical notation, the staff (US) or stave (UK) (plural for either: staves) is a set of five horizontal lines and four spaces that each represent a different musical pitch or in the case of a percussion staff, different percussion instruments.

What are the 12 elements of music?

Basic Music Elements

  • Sound (overtone, timbre, pitch, amplitude, duration)
  • Melody.
  • Harmony.
  • Rhythm.
  • Texture.
  • Structure/form.
  • Expression (dynamics, tempo, articulation)


What are the 4 properties of music?

-We distinguish music from other sounds by recognizing the four main properties of musical sounds: pitch, dynamics (loudness or softness), tone color, and duration.

What are the 6 concepts of music?

Music is patterns of melody, rhythm, harmony, tempo/dynamics, and timbre combined to create repetition, variation and contrast. We use these patterns to create music and we respond emotionally and intellectually to our perceptions and interpretations of these patterns of music.



What is the dynamics of a song?

Dynamics means how quietly or loudly a piece of music should be played. Dynamics are an important way of conveying the mood of a piece and your use of dynamics is a marked element of your performance. Composers use dynamics to change the mood.

What are the 5 musical terms?

Terms like rises, falls, leaps, steps, pauses, starts, and stops, helps describe what a melody is doing. Harmony provides the musical context for the melody. It is the vertical relationship of notes in a piece of music. Harmony can change the feeling you get from a melody, either clashing with or supporting it.

How do you read sheet music?


Most music sheets that you read should look pretty similar to this where. You have what's called a staff which is really this whole thing right this whole thing is really the staff.



What are the 3 types of tempo?

Stimuli. Instrumental music with three kinds of tempo (fast tempo: >120 bpm, presto and allegro; medium tempo: 76–120 bpm, moderato and andante; and slow tempo: 60–76 bpm, adagio and larghetto) was selected by three music professors.

What are the 5 lines on a music sheet called?

staff, also spelled stave, in the notation of Western music, five parallel horizontal lines that, with a clef, indicate the pitch of musical notes.

What are the pitch names?

But musicians usually don’t want to talk about wavelengths and frequencies. Instead, they just give the different pitches different letter names: A, B, C, D, E, F, and G. These seven letters name all the natural notes (on a keyboard, that’s all the white keys) within one octave.

What is a stanza in sheet music?

In music, a stanza, or verse, is a poem set to music with a recurring pattern of both rhyme and meter. A “strophic” song (as opposed to a “through-composed” song) has several stanzas or verses set to music that remains the same or similar with each stanza. Many hymns follow this pattern.



What is the difference between a staff and a stave?

Since “staves” was the plural of “staff,” people eventually re-interpreted the singular form as “stave.” One of many “staves” became a “stave” instead of a “staff.” Linguists call this a back-formation. The singular form is where the verb “stave” comes from.

What do you call lines in songs?

A refrain is a line (also can be the title) that is repeated at the end of every verse. Let’s take our example for the AAA song form: at the end of each verse of “Bridge Over Troubled Water,” the line (which also happens to be the title) “Like a bridge over troubled water” is repeated.

What is the first stanza of a song called?

Intro. This is an easy one – it is found at the beginning and sets up the song, establishing many of the song’s important elements, such as the key, tempo, rhythmic feel and even its energy and attitude. You will find that the intro is often the same music without singing over it as the verse or even the chorus.

What are bars in a song?

Defined by Mighty Expert: ‘a bar is one small segment of music that holds a number of beats. Multiple beats make up a bar and multiple bars make up a song. ‘ The number of beats in a bar is wholly dependent on the time signature of the song you are writing.



What is a hook in a song?

A hook is the capstone of a well-crafted song. It’s part melody, part lyric, and most likely it’s both. It’s usually the title of the song, repeating throughout the chorus and sitting in the most prominent positions of the first or last line.