Question on antecedent phrase and Secondary Dominant Chord?



Asked by: Christine Ghorbani

How do you tell if a chord is a secondary dominant?





Determine the note that would be a perfect 5th below the root of the chord you are analyzing. If this note would be the root of a diatonic chord, the chord you are analyzing is a secondary dominant.

What do secondary dominant chords resolve to?

A secondary dominant is an altered chord having a dominant or leading tone relationship to a chord in the key other than the tonic. An altered chord is a chord containing at least one tone that is foreign to the key. Using secondary dominants results in the tonicization of the chord of resolution.

Is a secondary dominant chord always major?

No, secondary dominants aren’t required to be seventh chords. They can be plain triads (e.g. V/vi). They also aren’t required to be major or have a major triad–I’ve heard plenty of vii°7/V chords, and those are diminished 7th chords. The “vii°7” would be the Barry Harris style dominant.

What chord comes before a secondary dominant?

Right away, we see a secondary dominant preceding a D Minor chord. The dominant chord in D Minor is A Major, the secondary dominant. Remember, A Major is a secondary dominant because it is not a chord found in the tonic key (F Major).

How are secondary dominants formed?





To write a secondary dominant, use the following procedure.

  1. First determine the note that is the root of the chord being tonicized (the chord to the right of the slash).
  2. Determine the root of the V in the key of B♭ (the Roman numeral after the slash): F.
  3. Build a major–minor seventh chord on F: F–A–C–E♭

Where are secondary dominants used?

Secondary dominants are often used to anticipate the natural dominant of the song. For example, in the previous case, the natural dominant of the song was G7, so we could play another dominant before it to prepare going into G.

How many secondary chords are there?

In this lesson, you will learn about three chords used in songs. These three chords are sometimes called the “secondary chords”, or the “ii, iii, vi chords”.

How do you use secondary chords?

And in order to have a secondary leading tone I need a G sharp. That points to the a leading tones are always a minor second lower than the pitch that you're trying to tennis eyes.

What are the most common secondary dominant chords?

G – Am – A7 – D7



Once again, the A7 is a secondary dominant. A7 is the V of D7 (“five of five”). This is one of the most common secondary dominant chords you will find. This progression also contains chromatic movement between the chord tones.



Can a minor chord be a secondary dominant?

Both major triads and major–minor seventh chords can be secondary dominant chords. Notice the chromaticisms in the example above. The raised notes generally act as the leading–tone to the root of the chord being tonicized. In the major mode, the only secondary dominant with a lowered chromaticism is V IV V 7 / IV .

What is the II chord called?

the supertonic chord

The triad built on the supertonic note is called the supertonic chord. In Roman numeral analysis, the supertonic chord is typically symbolized by the Roman numeral “ii” in a major key, indicating that the chord is a minor chord (in C: D–F–A).



Are secondary chords major or minor?

Similarly to primary chords, it’s really easy to work out the secondary chords in any key – they are the triads built on notes II, III and VI. So, in C major the secondary chords are D minor (II), E minor (III) and A minor (VI).

What is the difference between primary and secondary chords?

In primary triads, a major third interval comes before a minor third interval, while in secondary triads, a minor third interval comes before a major third interval. Irrespective of their structural differences, primary and secondary chords are functionally related. Let’s take a look at some of those similarities.

What is a secondary chords and examples?

The secondary supertonic chord, or secondary second, is a secondary chord that is on the supertonic scale degree. Rather than tonicizing a degree other than the tonic, as does a secondary dominant, it creates a temporary dominant. Examples include ii7/III (F♯min.7, in C major).

What are the three commonly used chords in music?

The most commonly used chords (in any key) are the I (1), V (5), vi (6), IV (4). First, it’s important to know/remember that chords are notated in piano music by Roman Numerals. Large letter numerals are for Major chords and small letter numerals are for minor chords.