Major Harmonic chords – Fourth degree, substitute for min/maj chord?



Asked by: Olivia Kogan

What chords can be substituted?





Chord Substitution Table

Substitution Example Explanation
I to vi m C to Am Learn more
Secondary Dominant C | G7 to C | D7 | G7 Learn more
Degrees Substitution C to Em, F to Dm, G to Bdim Learn more
bVII borrowed chord C | G | Am | F to C | G | Bb | F Learn more

What is harmonic substitution?

Chord substitution involves replacing a chord with another that has similar harmonic function. It allows you to change the sound of a tune while still retaining much of its original color.

How do you change a major chord into a minor chord?

To get a minor chord, simply move the 3rd note down the fretboard by a half step, by one fret. For example, in the C major scale, the notes are C, E and G. After finding these notes, simply move the 3rd note (the E) down by one fret. This note is called a lowered or flat third (♭3).

Which chord in harmonic minor is often used as a substitute for the V7?

Example 2: G7sus CMaj7
This is arguably the most similar to the V7-I progression. It can often be used interchangeably with a V7 chord and is regularly used as a substitute. A G7sus can ALSO be written as an F/G, FMaj7/G, or even a Dmin7/G. The Dmin7/G actually shows the function quite well.

What are chord substitutions used for?





Use in blues, jazz and rock music
Jazz musicians often substitute chords in the original progression to create variety and add interest to a piece. The substitute chord must have some harmonic quality and degree of function in common with the original chord, and often only differs by one or two notes.

How do you substitute bar chords?

Block chords provide a great alternative to barre chords. They’re typically associated with jazz guitar playing, where they follow the melody line, but they can also be used in any style of music—on both electric and acoustic guitar—to free you from reliance on barre chords.

What can substitute a diminished chord?

A diminished 7 chord can replace an altered dominant 7 chord (commonly b9 or #9) when the root of the diminished 7 is a half-step above the root of the altered dominant 7. Essentially, if you see a dominant 7 chord resolving to another chord, it can be altered. For example, a ii-V-I chord progression.

How do you use tritone substitution?

The tritone substitution can be performed by exchanging a dominant seventh chord for another dominant seven chord which is a tritone away from it. For example, in the key of C major one can use D♭7 instead of G7. (D♭ is a tritone away from G).

How do you substitute jazz chords?

In jazz, you will often see the iii chord replacing the I chord. For example, in the key of C, a Cmaj7 is replaced by and Emin7. The common chord progression you will see this happen in is the I-vi-ii-V. This would be Cmaj7-Amin7-Dmin7-G7.



Can I play Cadd9 instead of C?

As you can see Cadd9 is basically a G chord with the two bass notes played a string higher. The chords of C and G frequently appear together, so playing a Cadd9 instead of C whenever G is the adjacent chord works very well.

What scales to play over minor chords?

The Pentatonic scale is the easiest and most effective scale to play over a minor key and is capable of beautiful bluesy, dark and soulful sounds. The scale is widely used in pop, rock, blues and other styles of music. It consists of five notes: 1 b3 4 5 b7 compared to the major scale (1 2 3 4 5 6 7).

What is a subV7 chord?

As a rule, the subV7 chord is a major chord with the minor seventh that is located one semitone above the tonic that it will resolve. Since the tonic here is the Cmaj7 chord, the major chord with the minor seventh that is located one semitone above it is C#7.



How do you find a dominant substitute?

Any chord that can be preceded by a secondary dominant can also be preceded by a substitute dominant, which is a dominant chord that is one half step above the root of the destination chord. And this substitute dominant works because it shares some notes with the secondary dominant it is substituting for.

What does V7 mean in music?

dominant seventh chord

A dominant seventh chord adds an additional scale degree—the flat seventh (also called a dominant seventh). Because they’re based on the fifth degree of a scale, dominant chords are indicated with the Roman numeral “V” or, in the case of a dominant seventh, with “V7.”

What is a VIIO chord?

The circle in “viio” indicates that the chord is diminished. We construct diminished triads by writing a root, minor third and diminished fifth. (A diminished fifth is a half step lower than a perfect fifth.) For example, here’s an A diminished triad. C is a minor third above A, and Eb is a diminished fifth above A.



What does VVV mean in chords?

The V chord being the most dominant route to resolve back to the I chord. Your example of the “V of the V chord” (noted V/V) is a Secondary Dominant chord, which is a borrowed chord from another key. In the key of C major, the dominant is G. In the key of G major, the dominant is D.