In species counterpoint, is the fourth above a third a consonance or a dissonance?

Asked by: Laithen Angus

A fourth above the lowest note is a dissonance in species counterpoint.

What is fourth-species counterpoint?

In fourth-species counterpoint, the counterpoint line and cantus firmus both move once per bar, but they are rhythmically offset from each other by a half note. (Think syncopation on the bar level.)

What is a dissonance in counterpoint?

A pitch is ‘dissonant’ if it forms an unstable interval with other pitches. Stable or consonant intervals are the octave, fifth, thirds and sixths. Unstable or dissonant intervals are the others: seconds, sevenths, and particularly the augmented 4th and diminished 5th.

Is 4 a dissonant?

In the theory of harmony, consonant intervals are defined as at rest and not in need of resolution. On the other hand, dissonant intervals require continuation into consonance. The fourth must therefore be resolved in the consonant third of the triad. But the fourth is also dissonant in two-part counterpoint.

How do you tell if an interval is consonant or dissonant?

Consonant and Dissonant Intervals
Consonance in music, is when a combination of notes sounds pleasant. Examples of consonant intervals is music played in unison, major and minor thirds, perfect fourths and fifths, major and minor sixths, and octaves. Dissonance is a combination of notes that sound unpleasant or harsh.

What is a 4 3 suspension?

4-3 suspension (plural 4-3 suspensions) A musical device, commonplace in the Western classical tradition, whereby a suspension is formed through a note a fourth above the bass which resolves to a third.

How do you start 4th species counterpoint?

Beginning a fourth-species counterpoint
Begin a fourth-species counterpoint above the cantus firmus with do or sol. Begin a second-species counterpoint below the cantus firmus with do. Unisons are permitted for the first and last dyads of the exercise. Always begin with a half rest.

Is the fourth dissonant in counterpoint?

A fourth above the lowest note is a dissonance in species counterpoint. In Gradus, the intervals are always counted above the bass.

What is 3rd species counterpoint?

Beginning a third-species counterpoint
A third-species line can begin with four quarter notes in the first bar, or a quarter rest followed by three quarter notes. Regardless of rhythm, the first pitch in the counterpoint should follow the intervallic rules above.

What intervals are dissonant?

The intervals that are considered to be dissonant are the minor second, the major second, the minor seventh, the major seventh, and particularly the tritone, which is the interval in between the perfect fourth and perfect fifth. These intervals are all considered to be somewhat unpleasant or tension-producing.

What is the difference between dissonance and consonance?

consonance and dissonance, in music, the impression of stability and repose (consonance) in relation to the impression of tension or clash (dissonance) experienced by a listener when certain combinations of tones or notes are sounded together.

What are the examples of consonance?

Examples of Consonance:

  • Pitter Patter, Pitter Patter-repetition of the “t,” and “r” sounds.
  • The lint was sent with the tent-repetition of the “nt” sound.
  • I think I like the pink kite-repetition of the “k” sound.

How do you identify a consonance?


  1. Consonance occurs when sounds, not letters, repeat. …
  2. Consonance does not require that words with the same consonant sounds be directly next to each other. …
  3. The repeated consonant sounds can occur anywhere within the words—at the beginning, middle, or end, and in stressed or unstressed syllables.

Where is consonance used?

Since consonance is often used at the ends of words to make them sound similar, it is an important device in the creation of half rhyme—a looser rhyming approach seen in many poems as well as rap and hip-hop music.

What are the 21 consonants?

In English, these letters are B, C, D, F, G, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, S, T, V, X, Z and often H, R, W, Y.

Is Y still vowel?

Y is considered to be a vowel if… The word has no other vowel: gym, my. The letter is at the end of a word or syllable: candy, deny, bicycle, acrylic. The letter is in the middle of a syllable: system, borborygmus.

What letters can come after d?

English Alphabet

# Capital Letter Name
4 D dee
5 E e
6 F ef
7 G gee