How to Write A Fugue?



Asked by: Gerrod Mckenzie

How To Write A Fugue

  1. The exposition begins the fugue and a single voice plays the subject establishing the tonic key. …
  2. The middle section consists of entries of subject and answer in keys other than the tonic separated by episodes. …
  3. The final section begins where the subject or answer returns in the tonic key.

How is a fugue written?





Most fugues open with a short main theme, the subject, which then sounds successively in each voice (after the first voice is finished stating the subject, a second voice repeats the subject at a different pitch, and other voices repeat in the same way); when each voice has completed the subject, the exposition is

How does a fugue begin?

A fugue exposition begins with the introduction of its central melody, the subject. The subject is the primary motif of the entire fugue and will be the template for other melodies.

What is an example of fugue?

In Mozart’s Fugue in G Minor, K 401, for piano four hands (1782), the two subjects are melodic inversions of each other. Two excellent examples of triple fugue (i.e., having three subjects) are Bach’s The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, No. 4, and his Fugue in E-flat Major for organ, BWV 552, called the St.

What is the fugue style?

fugue, in music, a compositional procedure characterized by the systematic imitation of a principal theme (called the subject) in simultaneously sounding melodic lines (counterpoint). The term fugue may also be used to describe a work or part of a work.

What is the original line of a fugue called?





the exposition

In the initial section of a fugue, called the exposition, this subject is presented in turn in each of the voices, with the first voice starting by itself, much the way a round is sung—this is the telltale sign of a fugue.

How long is a subject in a fugue?

The “subject” of a fugue is its main theme. It is generally short–one or two measures–but may be longer (3-4 measures).

How many voices can a fugue have?

The number of parts (voices) in the fugue is likewise flexible. Most fugues are in three or four voices (“à 3” or “à 4”), but not all of these are used at any given moment; it is common for an episode to proceed in as few as two voices.

What is the main theme of a fugue?

Subject – the main theme of the fugue.



What is a principal element of a fugue?

A fugue is a contrapuntal composition in which a single subject is the focal point, thus unifying the work.

How do you write a 4 part fugue?

How To Write A Fugue

  1. The exposition begins the fugue and a single voice plays the subject establishing the tonic key. …
  2. The middle section consists of entries of subject and answer in keys other than the tonic separated by episodes. …
  3. The final section begins where the subject or answer returns in the tonic key.




What are the four ways you can develop a subject in a fugue?

Terms in this set (44)

  • Fugue.
  • The only constant feature of a fugue is how they begin.
  • The four parts of a fugue are subject, answer, counter subject, episodes.
  • Two features that commonly appear in fugues are stretto and pedal point.
  • Four ways to vary a fugue subject are inversion, retrograde, augmentation, diminution.

What is the texture of a fugue?

A fugue is an example of polyphonic texture because, like a canon, it introduces a melodic theme and imitates that theme throughout a piece.

What is a fugue simple?

A fugue is a piece of music written for a certain number of parts (voices). It is a type of counterpoint with a precisely defined structure. It is based on a tune called the “subject” of the fugue. The word “fugue“ comes from the Italian “fuga“ meaning “flight“.

Is fugue homophonic?

NOTE: The Toccata is mostly homophonic – Fugue is Polyphonic.