How to transcribe Indian classical music using Western music notation?

Asked by: Ron Berry

Does Indian classical music have notation?

In Indian classical music, we do not notate music for performance purposes because a classical music performance, by definition, is extemporaneous. But we do use notation to teach and learn music.

What is Sa Re Ga Ma in Western music?

These seven swaras are shortened to Sa, Ri (Carnatic) or Re (Hindustani), Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, and Ni. Collectively these notes are known as the sargam (the word is an acronym of the consonants of the first four swaras). Sargam is the Indian equivalent to solfege, a technique for the teaching of sight-singin.

Which notation system is used in Hindustani classical music?


In Modern era, the notation system created by Pt. Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande is the most prevalent.

Do Indian and Western music use the same sounds?

Pitch. – Western music uses major and minor scales and equal temperament notes, while the Indian Classical music uses a much more complex system of scales, with parent scales and descendant families that sound very different from each other.

What is the equivalent of raga in Western music?

Melodies in Indian music are classified by an ancient system of ragas. A raga (pronounced RAH-guh) is a collection of pitches, kind of like a scale or mode in Western music.

What is the difference between Indian and Western classical music?

Indian classical music’s magic is primarily experienced with different melodies constructed within the framework of the ragas, while Western classical music’s magic lies to a great extent in polyphonic composition, where counterpoint, harmony, and the texture created using multiple voices is critical.

What is PA in Western music?

Seven svaras and solfège (sargam)

Svara (Long) Shadja (षड्ज) Pancham (पंचम)
Svara (Short) Sa (सा) Pa (प)
12 Varieties (names) C (shadja) G (pancham)

What mode does Indian music use?

In the Indian system of music there are about the 500 modes and 300 different rhythms which are used in everyday music. The modes are called Ragas.”) In the ancient texts of Hinduism, the term for the technical mode part of rāga was Jati.

Do Re Mi do Indian music?

Indian music uses a solfege-like system called sargam. Similar to Solfege, sargam uses 7 notes (called swaras) to make a scale and you can modify the words to match different pitch intervals. For example, in Solfege a major scale is Do Re Mi and minor scale will contain Do Re Me.

How do you read Western classical music?

How to listen to classical music

  1. Invest in quality equipment. …
  2. Listen to classical music radio channels. …
  3. Search for the emotion in each piece. …
  4. Close your eyes and visualise. …
  5. Follow your favourites. …
  6. Read threads on classical music forums. …
  7. Attend a classical music concert.

Why Indian music is not popular?

The first and foremost reason behind such lacuna is the linguistic barrier as English is a standard language spoken all across the world which is mostly the medium of delivery undertaken by Western artists, whereas Indian music masterpieces are mostly delivered in Hindi or in respective regional languages.

Is Indian classical music microtonal?

Microtones are described in both the Indian classical theory of 22 shruti-intervals for dividing the octave and the classical Turkish makam system featuring unique names for 53 tones.

What does tala mean in Indian music?


tala , (Sanskrit: “clap”) in the music of India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, a metric cycle with a specific number of beats—from 3 to 128—that recur in the same pattern throughout a musical performance.

Does Indian music have chords?

In Indian Classical music we usually don’t have a chord system. There is usually a drone (mono chord) playing in the background through a stringed instrument assisted by the tabla , harmonium , flute etc in the foreground. Music is based on a Raga and various forms which are played over the drone in the background.

Which is more difficult Carnatic or Hindustani?

While Carnatic music lays a lot of emphasis on composition and lyrics, Hindustani lays a lot of stress on the plain notes (swaras).

Why is falsetto not allowed in Indian classical?

Falsetto voice uses the light musculature but only the edges of the vocal folds vibrate, and there’s usually an air leak, resulting in a breathy sound. It’s not suitable for most classical singing.

Why do Indian classical musicians touch their ears?

Why do Indian musicians tug at their ears when mentioning a senior figure in music? To touch, or tug at one or both ears, is a visible sign of repentance in South Asian cultures.