How to phrase voices in a fugue?

Asked by: Shanna Rosales

What are voices in a fugue?

In music, a fugue (/fjuːɡ/) is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject (a musical theme) that is introduced at the beginning in imitation (repetition at different pitches) and which recurs frequently in the course of the composition.

How do you know how many voices are in a fugue?

The number of parts (voices) in the fugue is likewise flexible. Most fugues are in three or four voices (“à 3” or “à 4”), but not all of these are used at any given moment; it is common for an episode to proceed in as few as two voices.

How do you structure a fugue?

How To Write A Fugue

  1. The exposition begins the fugue and a single voice plays the subject establishing the tonic key. …
  2. The middle section consists of entries of subject and answer in keys other than the tonic separated by episodes. …
  3. The final section begins where the subject or answer returns in the tonic key.

What is the entrance of the first voice in a fugue called?

Exposition – the opening section of the fugue, ends when the theme is presented in each voice.

What are the classification of voices?

Women are typically divided into three groups: soprano, mezzo-soprano, and contralto. Men are usually divided into four groups: countertenor, tenor, baritone, and bass.

Is fugue vocal or instrumental?

A fugue is the most complex polyphonic musical form, involving imitation among the parts (called “voices” whether they are vocal or instrumental). The word fugue comes from fuga, meaning to chase since each voice “chases” the previous one.

What technique features imitation of the fugue subject in another voice?

Stretto: Entry of a motive in a second voice before the first voice has finished its statement. Motive can mean subject, answer, countersubject, or any other substantive melodic/rhythmic entity in imitation.

How do you write Fughetta?

Usually it is written in three parts or voices and normally is a manualiter work. A fughetta opens with a theme or a subject in any voice after which enters an answer (a theme in the key of the dominant) in another voice.

What musical texture is used in a fugue?

The fugue subject comes in alone by itself in monophonic texture but the remaining parts of the fugue is in intense polyphonic texture.

What is the main melody called in a fugue?

the subject

fugue, in music, a compositional procedure characterized by the systematic imitation of a principal theme (called the subject) in simultaneously sounding melodic lines (counterpoint).

What is the exposition in a fugue?

A fugue is a contrapuntal composition whose form features sections called expositions and episodes. A fugue exposition is a section that contains at least one full statement of the subject of the fugue. 1. The fugue subject is the primary melodic idea and is stated by each voice in turn in the first exposition.

What is the Baroque term for voices accompanied by instruments?


Until the early 18th century, a concerto was simply a composition that united a diverse ensemble consisting of voices, instruments or both. Sacred works for voices and instruments were often called concertos, while similar secular works were generally termed arie (airs), cantatas or musiche.

How do you describe someone’s voice?

Words used to describe someone’s voice – thesaurus

  • adenoidal. adjective. if someone’s voice is adenoidal, some of the sound seems to come through their nose.
  • appealing. adjective. …
  • a voice like a foghorn. phrase. …
  • breathy. adjective. …
  • brittle. adjective. …
  • croaky. adjective. …
  • dead. adjective. …
  • disembodied. adjective.

How do you describe tone of voice?

A number of words can be used to describe what a pleasant-sounding, attractive voice sounds like.

  • bright.
  • captivating.
  • comforting.
  • deep.
  • ethereal.
  • euphonic.
  • feathery.
  • fruity.

What is the rarest voice type?


A countertenor is a male singer who can sing as high as a soprano or mezzo-soprano. The countertenor is the rarest of all voice types.

What type of voice does Adele have?


As a mezzo-soprano, Adele’s songs sit in a range that suits most listeners, singing along. Adele can mix her chest voice up quite high (E5, 10 notes above middle C) but she is not taken to the range extremes of early Mariah or Celine.

Can females be tenors?

We women sing tenor because the range suits us better than alto, which is the lowest female choral part. My voice, for example, quits at the A above Middle C, where altos are perfectly comfortable. There are at least 10 female tenors in the 200-member chorus I belong to, and most sing as well as the men.

What was Judy Garland’s vocal range?

The middle range, starting at about B3 and up until Ab4, had that same richness, only now with more variations for volume than the lower range offered. Her voice sat incredibly easily in this part of the voice, and didn’t show any signs of fatigue even into her later years [Judy and Liza at the Palladium].

What is Kelly Clarkson’s vocal range?

Kelly Clarkson can sing approximately three octaves, spanning Eb3 – C6 – F#6. She has occasionally exclaimed higher than this – and would make her range almost four octaves by reaching up to C#7 – but these notes lack the same degree of control and wouldn’t typically be considered part of her vocal range.

What is Joni Mitchell’s vocal range?

I had a three-octave range then, so anything that I could play, I could sing, too. Now my range has narrowed down to what I always really loved, which is an alto, with a little bit of soprano range, but not a lot.