##### Asked by: Rhonda Harris

## How do you write an interval below a pitch?

To write a small interval below a given note, you should be able to **combine whole steps and half steps up to the interval of a perfect fourth** (two whole steps plus one half step). To write a larger interval below a given note, invert the interval size, determine the note above, then write it below the given note.

## How do you identify the interval between two pitches?

To determine the size of an interval, **count the number of half steps between the two notes then refer to your memory**. * A “tritone” is a generic name for an augmented fourth ( 4) or diminished fifth ( 5). These two intervals are enharmonic. Augmented and Diminished Intervals are discussed later in this chapter.

## What is the interval if the two notes played are the same pitch?

**Enharmonic intervals**

Two intervals are considered enharmonic, or enharmonically equivalent, if they both contain the same pitches spelled in different ways; that is, if the notes in the two intervals are themselves enharmonically equivalent.

## What is the term for the interval between the lowest and the highest notes forming a chord?

The interval between the lowest note and the highest note of a major or minor triad is **a perfect fifth**, but the inner intervals differ. A major triad has a major third on the bottom and a minor third on the top, whereas a minor triad has a minor third on the bottom and a major third on the top.

## How do you label intervals in music?

*First you count alphabetically from the lower to the upper note of the interval inclusively. And this gives us the interval.*

## How do you write descending intervals?

*You're going to write run into a big problem because from D to C is actually a seventh. So if you're writing descending intervals then you have to calculate from the lowest interval.*

## What is a 2nd interval in music?

A second is **a musical interval encompassing two adjacent staff positions** (see Interval number for more details). For example, the interval from C to D is a major second, as the note D lies two semitones above C, and the two notes are notated on adjacent staff positions.

## How do you identify intervals?

A common way to recognize intervals is to **associate them with reference songs that you know well**. For example, the song Amazing Grace begins with a perfect fourth. So when you hear an interval that sounds like the beginning of Amazing Grace, you can quickly conclude that it’s a perfect fourth.

## What is the interval between these two notes?

The interval between two notes is **the distance between the two pitches** – in other words, how much higher or lower one note is than the other. This concept is so important that it is almost impossible to talk about scales, chords, harmonic progression, cadence, or dissonance without referring to intervals.

## How do you use intervals?

Each interval has a number that tells you the distance between the two notes. The number comes from the amount of scale steps away from the starting note. If you imagine that the starting note is the tonic in a major scale, you can simply **count each scale step until you get to the other note in the interval**.

## What interval is E to B?

Second step: interval quality

distance in semi-tones | Name | Example |
---|---|---|

1 | minor 2nd | E-F |

2 | major 2nd | B-C# |

3 | augmented 2nd | Ab-B |

2 | diminished 3rd |
E-Gb |

## How do you identify an augmented and diminished interval?

**Augmented intervals are one half-step larger than a perfect or major interval.** **Diminished intervals are one half-step smaller than a perfect or minor interval**. Intervals between a unison and an octave are called simple intervals . Any interval larger than an octave is a compound interval .

## How do you know if a interval is diminished or minor?

Augmented intervals are one half step larger than perfect or major intervals and diminished intervals are **one half step smaller than perfect or minor intervals**.

## What interval is F to D?

3rd intervals above note D

Short | Medium | Intervals ‘above’ statement |
---|---|---|

d3 | dim3 | The D to Fb interval is diminished 3rd |

m3 | min3 | The D to F interval is minor 3rd |

M3 | maj3 | The D to F# interval is major 3rd |

A3 | aug3 | The D to F## interval is augmented 3rd |

## What interval is E to D flat?

7th intervals above note E-flat

Short | Medium | Intervals ‘above’ statement |
---|---|---|

d7 | dim7 | The Eb to Dbb interval is diminished 7th |

m7 | min7 | The Eb to Db interval is minor 7th |

M7 | maj7 | The Eb to D interval is major 7th |

A7 | aug7 | The Eb to D# interval is augmented 7th |

## What are the intervals of notes?

An INTERVAL is **the distance between two notes /pitches**. Intervals are named by size and quality: Interval Size: The size is an Arabic number. (e.g., 1, 2, 3, 4) To determine the size, count the note names between the two notes given (inclusive).

## What interval is g# to B?

3rd intervals above note G-sharp

Short | Medium | Intervals ‘above’ statement |
---|---|---|

d3 | dim3 | The G# to Bb interval is diminished 3rd |

m3 | min3 | The G# to B interval is minor 3rd |

M3 | maj3 | The G# to B# interval is major 3rd |

A3 | aug3 | The G# to B## interval is augmented 3rd |