Asked by: Jason Hunt
Are piano strings different lengths?
String length, mass and tension
The strings of a piano vary in thickness, and therefore in mass per length, with bass strings thicker than treble. A typical range is from 1/30 inch (0.85 mm, string size 13) for the highest treble strings to 1/3 inch (8.5 mm) for the lowest bass.
Why are piano strings wrapped in copper?
The purpose of any wrap is to add weight to a string. The weight gives more depth to lower notes. Generally, the shorter the length of a piano, the more you need copper to add weight to a string to get those low vibrations.
Do all piano strings have the same tension?
In fact, each string on a piano is tightened to between around 75kg and 100kg of tension, so one string on a piano has more tension than a whole guitar. All of this combined means the total tension of all the strings in a piano is around 20 tonnes, which is why a cast iron frame is needed.
Are all piano strings the same size?
Piano wire (string) varies in sizes from 12 to 25 commonly, including half sizes up through 18 or 20. Unlike electrical wire or other wiring gauges you may be familiar with, piano wire numbers increase with size (that is, 16 gauge would be larger than 14 gauge).
Why do different length strings make different sounds?
There are three ways that strings can produce different notes: Length – Longer strings vibrate slower and make lower sounding notes than shorter strings. Weight – Heavy, thick strings make lower notes than lighter thin strings. Tightness – A tight string makes a higher note than a loose string.
What size piano is considered a baby grand?
Baby grand pianos are from 4′ 6″ in length up to 5’3″ in length. They weigh approximately 550 lbs. Medium grand pianos are usually from 5’5″ in length up to 6’3″ in length. They weigh approximately 600 lbs.
How often do piano strings need to be replaced?
every 30 years
Most pianos require new strings every 30 years. Replacing piano strings is necessary, but changing strings can be quite an ordeal, and completing restringing the instrument is a serious challenge.
Are piano strings wound?
The thickness of the string changes in steps, and the higher the pitch of the note, the thinner the string. Strings for bass notes are wound with copper wire, while strings for tenor and treble notes use bare wire and are not wound.
Why do pianos have 3 strings per note?
To simplify things, we can divide the piano into three sections: the lower pitch keys, middle pitch keys, and the higher ones. The lower pitch keys will get the minimum one string per note. While the middle and higher pitch keys will often get two, then three strings per key as the notes increase in pitch.
What affects the sound of a piano?
The actual vocal cords of the piano, these are responsible for the production of the audible tones, vibrations, and sounds we hear.
How does the size of a piano affect the sound?
The smaller the piano, the greater the overtones and the less fundamental pitch comes through on the lowest notes. Larger grand pianos have stronger fundamental pitches on the lowest notes for a richer, cleaner sound but they still contain overtones as almost all pitched sounds do.
Can a person tune their own piano?
It’s impossible to tune a piano without a few basic, specialized tools. At minimum, you will need to purchase three things: Tuning lever. Electronic chromatic tuner.
Should you tip a piano tuner?
Tipping piano tuners isn’t customary. If you had a great experience with a piano tuner, you can also show your appreciation by leaving a review on Thumbtack.
How much should a piano tuning cost?
$65 to $225
The average price to tune a piano ranges from $65 to $225, and the cost can increase by several hundred dollars if the piano requires multiple tuning sessions or repairs. Piano tuning is a skill that only experienced professionals should do.
Can you damage a piano by tuning it?
Letting a piano get very far out of tune isn’t good for it, but the harm is rarely irreparable. A piano adjusts to the tension of its strings (typically 38,000 lbs of pressure).
Why you shouldn’t tune your own piano?
Challenges of Piano Tuning
Piano strings hold much more tension than guitar strings, so stabalizing the pitch takes more nuance than just turning the tuning pin. Strings can break if you are inexperienced, and replacing them requires additional parts and expertise.
What happens if you don’t tune a piano for years?
If your piano has gone without tuning for an extended period of time, its pitch may have dropped well below standard pitch at which it was designed to perform. It may require a procedure called a “pitch raise”or “pitch correction”.