Fux’s Third Species (two part) melodic movement – except for cambiata movement to and from dissonance only by step?



Asked by: Luis Vaughn

What is 3rd species counterpoint?





Beginning a third-species counterpoint
A third-species line can begin with four quarter notes in the first bar, or a quarter rest followed by three quarter notes. Regardless of rhythm, the first pitch in the counterpoint should follow the intervallic rules above.

How do you write third species counterpoint?

30.4 Third Species Counterpoint
In third species, one writes four quarter notes to each whole note in the cantus firmus. Use the following rules. Begin on an octave or unison. Write four quarter notes to each whole note in the cantus firmus except for the final measure.

What kind of dissonance is permitted in second species counterpoint?

passing tone

The rules are generally the same as first species except that one simple dissonance is allowed in second species: the passing tone.

What is second species counterpoint?





In second-species counterpoint, the counterpoint line moves in half notes against a cantus firmus in whole notes.

What is a cambiata in music theory?

Cambiata. The “cambiata,” also called “changing tone,” is an exception to the usual rule that dissonance should not be approached or left by leap (appoggiatura is another). The cambiata has four notes with a small leap between notes two and three. Both the 2nd and 3rd notes can be dissonant.

What intervals are dissonant?

The intervals that are considered to be dissonant are the minor second, the major second, the minor seventh, the major seventh, and particularly the tritone, which is the interval in between the perfect fourth and perfect fifth. These intervals are all considered to be somewhat unpleasant or tension-producing.

What are the species in species counterpoint?

The first species is note-against-note counterpoint. The second species is two notes against one in the cantus firmus. The third species is four notes against one in the cantus firmus. The fourth species is the study of suspensions against a cantus firmus.

What are the different species of counterpoint?

Species counterpoint



  • Note against note;
  • Two notes against one;
  • Four notes against one;
  • Notes offset against each other (as suspensions);
  • All the first four species together, as “florid” counterpoint.

What does species counterpoint mean?

1 : a traditional method of instruction in 16th-century counterpoint based on five increasingly demanding types of two-voice contrapuntal writing based on a preexisting cantus firmus The discipline of species counterpoint was first put forth by Johann Joseph Fux in Gradus ad Parnassum (1725) as a tool for teaching

What is fourth species counterpoint?

In fourth-species counterpoint, the counterpoint line and cantus firmus both move once per bar, but they are rhythmically offset from each other by a half note. (Think syncopation on the bar level.)



What is a first species counterpoint?

Counterpoint is the mediation of two or more musical lines into a meaningful and pleasing whole. In first-species counterpoint, we not only write a smooth melody that has its own integrity of shape, variety, and goal-directed motion, but we also write a second melody that contains these traits.

Is counterpoint the same as polyphony?

The word counterpoint is frequently used interchangeably with polyphony. This is not properly correct, since polyphony refers generally to music consisting of two or more distinct melodic lines while counterpoint refers to the compositional technique involved in the handling of these melodic lines.

What is fourth species counterpoint?

In fourth-species counterpoint, the counterpoint line and cantus firmus both move once per bar, but they are rhythmically offset from each other by a half note. (Think syncopation on the bar level.)

What is fifth species counterpoint?

30.6 Fifth Species Counterpoint
🔗 Fifth species (also know as “florid counterpoint”) is a free mixture of first through fourth species. One can observe all species in the opening of Orlande de Lassus’ Expectatio Justorum.



What is the point of species counterpoint?

Species counterpoint is a step-by-step way of learning to write melodies and to combine them. While the ‘rules’ involved are somewhat linked to music in the sixteenth century, the idea really is to train basic skills, independent of a specific repertoire or style.

How many species of counterpoint are there?

The Five Species Of Counterpoint
First species. Second species. Third species. Fourth species.

What is dissonance music?

dissonance, in music, the impression of stability and repose (consonance) in relation to the impression of tension or clash (dissonance) experienced by a listener when certain combinations of tones or notes are sounded together.

What are counterpoints two examples?

Noun The guitar and bass are played in counterpoint. The dressing is a refreshing counterpoint to the spicy chicken. The painting is a pleasant counterpoint to his earlier works. The music works in counterpoint to the images on the screen.



Which of the following accurately describes the difference between consonance and dissonance?

Which of the following accurately describes consonance or dissonancy? – Dissonance in music creates momentum because of its tendency to resolve to consonance. – Dissonance refers to sound that clash against each other and produce a sense of tension. Which of the proper of tempos, moving from slowest to fastest?

What is the difference between consonant harmony and dissonant harmony?

Consonant harmonies are a combination of pitches in a chord which are agreeable or easy to listen to and make pleasing sounds. Dissonant harmonies are a combination of pitches in a chord which are relatively harsh and grating.

What is the meaning of the word dissonance in context of the passage?

Definition of dissonance
1a : lack of agreement the dissonance between the truth and what people want to believe especially : inconsistency between the beliefs one holds or between one’s actions and one’s beliefs — compare cognitive dissonance.