Extreme Vocal Problems?



Asked by: Chris Wilson

What causes voice problems?

  • Upper respiratory infections.
  • Inflammation caused by gastroesophageal reflux (sometimes called acid reflux, heartburn, or GERD)
  • Vocal misuse and overuse.
  • Growths on the vocal folds, such as vocal nodules or laryngeal papillomatosis.
  • Cancer of the larynx.

Can you have permanent vocal damage?





Occasional vocal cord injury usually heals on its own. However, those who chronically overuse or misuse their voices run the risk of doing permanent damage, says voice care specialist Claudio Milstein, PhD.

Is VCD life threatening?

VCD can feel life-threatening, but it actually isn’t. Most people have VCD episodes only once in a while, with mild or minor symptoms. Others have episodes that are severe or occur more frequently.

What are 5 causes of voice disorders?

Many risk factors can contribute to a voice disorder, including:

  • Aging.
  • Alcohol use.
  • Allergies.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Illnesses, such as colds or upper respiratory infections.
  • Improper throat clearing over a long time.
  • Neurological disorders.
  • Psychological stress.

What is a neurological voice disorder?

Dysphonia is the medical term for disorders of the voice. Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is a neurological voice disorder that affects the voice muscles in the larynx, or voice box, causing it to “spasm.” These spasms cause the voice to be interrupted and affect voice quality.

How do you tell if your voice is permanently damaged?





Sometimes, though, vocal problems persist, and that’s when you need to take action to avoid long-term or permanent damage.
Here are three signs you should seek voice care.

  1. Two weeks of persistent hoarseness or voice change. …
  2. Chronic vocal fatigue. …
  3. Throat pain or discomfort with voice use.

How do you stop a VCD?

The best treatment for VCD is speech therapy with specific voice & breathing exercises. It is important to rest the voice, drink fluids, encourage salivation with lozenges or gum, reduce exposure to triggers when possible, and reduce stress. Keep a list of what you are doing when the VCD occurs.

Is vocal cord dysfunction neurological?

Spasmodic dysphonia is a chronic (long-term) neurological speech disorder. It changes the way your voice performs and sounds when you speak. The condition may also be called spastic vocal cords or spastic dysphonia. In some people with spasmodic dysphonia, voice changes every few sentences or as often as every word.

Is vocal cord dysfunction a mental illness?

Background: Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) or paradoxical vocal-fold motion (PVFM) is a functional disorder of the vocal cords that requires multidisciplinary treatment. Besides relaxation techniques, the use of psychological interventions can help treat the underlying psychological co-morbidities.



Is vocal cord dysfunction an autoimmune disease?

Rheumatoid nodules of the larynx can be found in different autoimmune diseases [37], and are present in about 20% of patients with RA (Fig. 3).
Table 1.

Disease Symptoms Findings
Systemic lupus erythematosus Thickened vocal cords
Vocal cord palsy
Sjogren’s syndrome Dysphonia Cricoarytenoid joint arthritis

What is vocal dystonia?

Summary. Laryngeal dystonia (LD) is a chronic voice disorder characterized by spasms of the muscles of the voice box (larynx). These muscles control the voice. The spasms can result in tightness in the throat, recurrent hoarseness, and changes in voice quality and/or difficulty speaking.

What are the 3 categories of voice disorders?

Among adults (between 19 and 60 years of age) with a voice disorder, the most frequent diagnoses included functional dysphonia (20.5%), acid laryngitis (12.5%), and vocal polyps (12%; Martins et al., 2015).



What is a Hyperfunctional voice disorder?

Also referred to as muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) or vocal hyper function, hyperfunctional dysphonia is the constriction and overexertion of the muscles around the larynx (voice box). Although anyone can experience hyperfunctional dysphonia, people between the ages of 40 and 50 are more likely to have the condition.

What is Hypofunctional?

abnormally diminished function, especially of glands or other organs.

What is vocal Hyperadduction?

The squeezing together (hyperadduction) of the vocal folds that is the hallmark of muscle tension dysphonia is very similar to that of SD. SD is, by definition, spasmodic, meaning that squeezing is irregular; with dysphonia, however, squeezing is generally sustained in muscle tension.

What does MTD sound like?

MTD is characterized by the following: Voice that sounds rough, hoarse, gravely, or raspy. Voice that sounds weak, breathy, airy, or is only a whisper. Voice that sounds strained, pressed, squeezed, tight, or tense.



What is spasmodic dysphonia?

Spasmodic dysphonia, also known as laryngeal dystonia, is a neurologic disorder that can affect the voice and speech. It is a lifelong condition that causes the muscles that generate a person’s voice to go into periods of spasm. In some cases, the disorder is temporary or can be improved through treatment.

What is vocal fatigue?

Vocal fatigue is when the muscles of your larynx tire out and cause a feeling of pain. A reduction in endurance, loudness control, pitch control as well as poor voice quality and an unstable sounding voice are often symptoms and complaints of individuals experiencing vocal fatigue.