Doubling notes in orchestration – inversions and extensions?



Asked by: Adam Bellman

What note is doubled in first inversion?





1 Voicing a First Inversion Chord. In contrast to the doubling rule for root position chords (i.e., “double the bass”), do not double the bass note for first inversion triads. Instead, double the root or fifth, depending on which can be approached and left most smoothly.

What should you double in second inversion?

double the root (except in second inversion or diminished triads) in second inversion, double the bass.

Can you double the third in i6?

Can you double the third of a chord? Can you double the third of a chord? Answer: Certainly you can – though as a general principle it’s better to double one of the other notes if the chord is major. Best choices for doubling in a major triad in order of desirability: root, 5th, 3rd.

What notes can you double in a chord?

Double the root or fifth in root position chords. Double any note in first inversion chords.



You may double the Fifth:

  • In any 5-3 chord.
  • In any 6-3 chord EXCEPT diminished chords (ii° and vii°)
  • Always in 6-4 chords.





Can you double the fifth in second inversion?

Don’t double the fifth of a chord, except if it is a second inversion triad, then you should double the fifth. Never double the seventh.

What is doubling the third?

Dominant chords are always major chords (or at least based on them), and doubling the third of a dominant chord means doubling the leading tone. In common practice period voice leading, the leading tone should resolve to the tonic, so you get parallel octaves right there.

Which note is best doubled in a primary chord?

The root

The root is generally the best note to double in a chord triad, although this can change with inversions.



Which note should you never double in four part writing?

NEVER write parallel P1, P5 or P8. (Parallel 5ths shown below.) DOUBLE THE STABLE TONE IN A CHORD.

What is irregular doubling?


So for example this is a G chord. And as we need our GP and d. The third is be so let's go ahead and put 2 b's in there let's see what happens if we do that. And this alto can move down to D.

Can you double the 3rd in 1st inversion?

Avoid doubling the third of major triads particularly when in first inversion. (The overtones of the third of the chord work against the other notes.



Can you double the 7th?

The rules say that a dominant seventh chord has to resolve: the third rises and the seventh falls. But if you double the third or the seventh the result is parallel octaves, which are forbidden. The reason you can’t double the fifth is just that it was thought to sound unpleasant or awkward.

Can you double the fifth in a chord?

When the dominant is in root position, it is unusual to double any chord member other than the root. However, when the chord is in first inversion, sometimes the fifth is doubled (especially if the fifth is in the soprano).

What is doubling in music theory?

Since we are writing three-note chords (and four-note chords where we sometimes leave out notes) with four voices, we have to write a note twice in a given chord. We call this doubling. To keep our music stylistic, we want to make sure we double stable notes in our chords.

What is a 64 inversion?

A second inversion triad used in this fashion is called a pedal six-four chord. The cadential six-four chord is the final and most noticeable use. In this form, the second inversion triad preceeds a V chord in a cadence. Often, the cadence will sound stronger due to the cadential six-four’s presence.



What is a cadential second inversion?

The second inversion of a chord is the voicing of a triad, seventh chord, or ninth chord in which the fifth of the chord is the bass note. In this inversion, the bass note and the root of the chord are a fourth apart which traditionally qualifies as a dissonance.

What do you double in a Cadential 64?

The doubled dominant in the Cad 6/4 is split between the bass and alto, while the tenor articulates the tonic and the soprano the mediant. Similarly to any other chord, non-harmonic tones can be applied to the cadential 6/4.

What is a 5 3 inversion?

The important thing to remember is that 5 3 is just another way of saying root. Position. So instead of writing one a we can write one five three he's called one b of c.

What is a 4 3 inversion?

Chords of the sixth that take the figures 6/4 or 6/4/3 (or an abbreviation such as 4/3) are second-inversion chords. They are so named because the fifth of the chord (the second member of the chord above the root) is in the lowest voice.



Can 7th chords be inverted?

Seventh Chord Inversion. Like triads, seventh chords can be inverted by moving the lowest note up an octave. Root position is the same as a triad – the root is the lowest (bass) note.

What is the difference between 1st and 2nd inversion?

A triad is in “ root position ” when the root is the lowest note, “ first inversion ” when the third of the chord is the lowest note, and “ second inversion ” when the fifth of the chord is the lowest note.