Asked by: Kimberly Heo
No. They do not exist. Harmonic and melodic minor are scales, and one of them comprises 9 of the 12 tones (constituting a superset of the tones in both of the other two minor scales).
Is melodic minor a key?
The melodic minor scale is a minor scale with raised sixth and seventh scale degrees, but only when ascending. A descending melodic minor scale is identical to a natural minor scale.
What is the rule for melodic minor scales?
To convert a natural minor scale into melodic minor, raise both the sixth and seventh notes by a half step. To convert a natural minor scale into melodic minor, raise both the sixth and seventh notes by a semitone.
What is function of melodic minor scale?
This scale is a very useful and versatile scale for improvisers to know and not just for soloing over minor chords or tonalities. The melodic minor presents some nice harmonic options when you are looking to get away from just playing diatonically over common chord progressions in your solos.
What is unique about the melodic minor scale?
Melodic minor, however, differs from the natural minor scale by also having a 6th that is a half-step higher. The melodic minor scale is like natural minor, but with a raised 6th and 7th. Remember the unusual one-and-a-half step interval between the 6 and 7 of the harmonic minor scale?
What keys are melodic minor?
Melodic Minor Scales
- A. Notes (ascending): A, B, C, D, E, F#, G#, A. …
- B. Notes (ascending): B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, A#, B. …
- C# / Db. Notes (ascending): C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A#, C, C# …
- D# / Eb. Notes (ascending): D#, F, F#, G#, A#, C, D, D# …
- F. Notes (ascending): F, G, Ab, Bb, C, D, E, F. …
- G. Notes (ascending): G, A, Bb, C, D, E, F#, G.
Can harmonic minor be a key?
Harmonic minor scales do not have corresponding key signatures, so composers indicate them using a combination of a key signature and a sharp accidental next to the seventh scale degree. Natural minor scales have relative major scales. For instance, C# minor is the relative minor of E major.
Why does the melodic minor scale change?
The reason why the ascending form of the melodic minor scale differs from its descending form is because the natural major and melodic minor scales are identical in their upper tetrachords. The relationship between both scales makes it possible for the melodic minor scale to be derived from the major scale.
What is melodic minor?
A lot of contemporary music that you hear will be written in that harmonic minor scale now the melodic minor scale takes this a stage. Further this sense of wanting to be pulled back to the root note
How do you form a melodic minor?
When ascending, the melodic minor’s formula is: 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7, and when descending, the melodic minor’s formula is the same as the natural minor’s formula: 7 b6 5 4 b3 2 1. Essentially, the melodic minor is a combination of the minor scale and the major scale, much more so than the harmonic minor scale.
How do you use melodic minor over dominant chords?
These days the modes of the melodic minor are used a lot over dominant chords. For example if you play the 5th mode of the melodic minor (place the 5th note of the scale on the root of the chord) you’ll get a scale with a b7 and a b6. This is a great sound over a dominant chord.
When would you use the melodic minor scale?
In Classical music theory the melodic minor and natural minor are combined into one scale. The melodic minor is used when ascending the scale, the natural minor is used when descending the scale.
How can you tell the difference between a melodic minor and a natural harmonic scale?
In summary, the harmonic and natural minor scales are mostly the same. The main difference is the harmonic minor’s seventh scale degree is raised by a semitone compared to the natural minor’s seventh scale degree. The harmonic minor has a leading tone while the natural does not.
What is the difference between natural minor harmonic minor and melodic minor?
A harmonic minor scale differs from a natural minor scale in that the seventh note is raised one semitone. Melodic minor scales raise both the sixth and seventh notes one semitone when ascending, but when descending, the sixth and seventh notes are flattened, producing the natural minor scale.
What is the relationship of melodic and harmonic?
The descending form of the harmonic minor scale is produced by playing the scale notes from the eighth to the first tone, while the melodic minor scale uses the descending form of the natural minor scale.
Why are there harmonic and melodic minor scales?
So in conclusion, the harmonic minor scale is used to give us access to the dominant chords typically used to establish the key, and the melodic minor scale is used to smooth out the melody when the 6th and 7th degrees of the scale are used.