Did Chopin use hairpins (adjacent crescendo and decrescendo) to indicate rubato rather than dynamics?

Asked by: Kimberly Miller

What does a hairpin do in music?

Hairpins are symbols used to indicate gradual changes in volume in the score. There are two kinds: crescendo (getting louder) and decrescendo (getting quieter).

What does crescendo and decrescendo mean in music?

It derives from the Italian word decrescere, which means “to decrease or diminish.” (Italian musical terms are standard in the world of classical music.) Decrescendo is the opposite of crescendo, which refers to the gradual increase in the loudness of a musical passage.

What does a decrescendo symbol in music indicate?


The symbol for decrescendo is the opposite of crescendo. It indicates to the player a gradual reduction in dynamic over a series of notes.

Can piano do a crescendo?

Increase the pressure on each bar under your fingers slowly building the volume of the piano. Something. Like. This and there we have a crescendo it's like someone slowly turning up the volume.

What is a crescendo dynamic?

For slow transitions between dynamics, a composer must use a crescendo or a decrescendo (diminuendo). A crescendo is used for gradually getting louder, and a decrescendo or diminuendo is used for gradually getting softer.

What is the crescendo of a song?

The definition of crescendo is a gradual increase in the volume of music. It is an Italian word, derived from the word crescere, which means “to grow.” (Italian musical terms are standard in the world of classical music.)

What dynamics were used in music?


  • Pianissimo (pp) – very quiet.
  • Piano (p) – quiet.
  • Mezzo forte (mf) – moderately loud.
  • Forte (f) – loud.
  • Fortissimo (ff) – very loud.
  • Sforzando (sfz) – a sudden, forced loud.
  • Crescendo (cresc) – gradually getting louder.
  • Diminuendo (dim) – gradually getting quieter.

What is a dynamic marking?

Dynamic markings are the print notations that tell the musician how loud or soft to perform the music. Dynamic markings in music can either be words or abbreviations of words, or symbolic. Expression markings are those special symbols that describe other modifications, such as an increase in tempo.

How do you find the dynamics of a song?

To indicate dynamic level, composers use these terms and symbols:

  • pianissimo, or pp, means “very soft”
  • piano, or p, means “soft”
  • mezzo piano, mp, means “medium-soft”
  • mezzo forte, mf, means “medium-loud”
  • forte, f, means “loud”
  • fortissimo, ff, means “very loud!”

What does FFF stand for in music?

ff: abbreviation of fortissimo meaning “very loud” fff: abbreviation of fortississimo meaning “very, very loud”

What does cresc mean in piano?

a gradual increase in loudness or the musical direction or symbol indicating this. Abbreviation: cresc. Symbol: (written over the music affected) ≺

How do pianists crescendo?

So one of the best ways to practice this is by playing one note repeatedly and gradually increasing your volume.

Which dynamic marking indicates to the performer to play gradually louder?

Crescendo, abbreviated cresc., is an Italian term that translates as “growing”. In music, this means the music should gradually get louder. A crescendo will either be indicated in a musical passage as cresc. or by the symbol to the left.

When were dynamics first used in music?

In the 16th century, instructions for dynamics were first published. Lute music was the first to have dynamic marking. However, it wasn’t until the 17th Century, when the Italian terms forte and piano became more prominently used, that these markings were made standard features of the music score.

What is a crescendo followed by a decrescendo?

Again one more time. You got it de crescendo a gradual decrease in volume. It's the reverse of the crescendo.

What two words can be used to describe dynamics?

There are two main changes in dynamics terms – crescendo and decrescendo. A crescendo is when the music becomes gradually louder. A decrescendo, or diminuendo, is the opposite and is when the music becomes gradually softer in volume.

What are examples of dynamics?

Dynamics is defined as the branch of mechanics that deals with the effect of outside forces on something. An example of dynamics is how the moon affects the ocean waves. An example of dynamics are the effect of individual relationships on a group of friends.