Chromatic vs Non-diatonic vs Accidental?

Asked by: Veronica Johnson

Non-diatonic are the tones that are outside of a given scheme (scale) of whole tone – and half tone steps. Sometimes they can be identified by the accidentals. The chromatic scale consists of 12 half tone steps. Notes that don’t belong to a defined scale are chromatic.

Is the difference between diatonic and chromatic?

Definition 1.1. The chromatic scale is the musical scale with twelve pitches that are a half step apart. Definition 1.2. A diatonic scale is a seven-note musical scale with 5 whole steps and 2 half steps, where the half steps have the maximum separation usually 2 or 3 notes apart.

Is the chromatic scale diatonic?

The chromatic scale is really just all 12 notes. It isn’t very musical on its own, which is why diatonic scales derived from the chromatic scale are what we use to make music. If you just remember that a diatonic scale is 7 notes with 5 whole steps and 2 half steps, you’re good to go.

Is chromatic the same as minor?

The tones of the chromatic scale (unlike those of the major or minor scale) are all the same distance apart, one half step. The word chromatic comes from the Greek chroma, color; and the traditional function of the chromatic scale is to color or embellish the tones of the major and minor scales.

What type of accidentals are used going up the chromatic scale?

In an ascending scale, we use only SHARPS and no flats. In a descending scale, we use only FLATS and no sharps. As before, make sure that the start and end notes have exactly the same name, with an accidental added if necessary. And again, you cannot use three notes with the same letter name.

What does non-diatonic mean?

Non-Diatonic refers to any notes or chords that are not native to the key. Most songs of any complexity will have chords that are non-diatonic. A chord can be non-diatonic by structure or by context.

Which type of harmonica is best for beginners?

The Best Harmonicas for Beginners, According to Harmonicists

  • Hohner Special 20 Harmonica Bundle, Major C. $55. …
  • Lee Oskar Harmonica, Key of C, Major Diatonic. $43. …
  • Hohner Marine Band Harmonica, Key of C. $43. …
  • Hohner Golden Melody Harmonica, Key of C. …
  • SEYDEL Blues Classic 1847 Harmonica C. …
  • Hohner Super Chromonica Deluxe, Key of C.

What is a non-diatonic interval?

A diatonic interval is an interval formed by two notes of a diatonic scale. A chromatic interval is a non-diatonic interval formed by two notes of a chromatic scale.

What are the 2 types of diatonic scales?

Scales: Diatonic scales include both the major scale, or Ionian mode, which is the most frequently used musical scale, and the natural minor scale, or Aeolian mode, which uses the same number of notes as the major scale, but in a different pitch.

Are all scales diatonic?

Many scales are diatonic including Major, Minor (the Harmonic minor is an exception) and modal scales. Examples of non-diatonic scale are pentatonic, octatonic and whole-tone scales. Also, as a more obscured example, the Acoustic Scale (a.k.a. Lydian Dominant).

What does diatonic mean in music?

Definition of diatonic

: of, relating to, or being a musical scale (such as a major or minor scale) comprising intervals of five whole steps and two half steps.

Can chromatic scales have sharps and flats?

The 12 discrete pitches within an octave are C, C-sharp/D-flat, D, D-sharp/E-flat, E, F, F-sharp/G-flat, G, G-sharp/A-flat, A, A-sharp/B-flat, and B.

What is chromatic movement in music?

chromaticism, (from Greek chroma, “colour”) in music, the use of notes foreign to the mode or diatonic scale upon which a composition is based. Chromatic tones in Western art music are the notes in a composition that are outside the seven-note diatonic (i.e., major and minor) scales and modes.

What are color accidentals in music?

Accidentals are those specialized symbols used to show chromatic alterations. Enharmonic equivalence describes pitches that share the same pitch-space (sound identical) but are “spelled” differently.

What are chromatic chords?

A chromatic chord is a chord that contains at least one note that is not native to the key of your song. This stands in contrast to diatonic chords, where all of the constituent notes are contained within the key.

What are chromatic harmonies?

Simply put, chromatic harmony occurs when the used chords in a given passage or section contain notes that do not belong to the tonality we are working with. The first way you can immediately apply this to your chord progression writing is to simply alter one of the scale tones you are working with and harmonize it.

What is a diatonic chord?

Diatonic chords are the chords that are derived from the notes of a key. You should think of diatonic chords as a family of chords all tied to one another by the notes of a key. They all sort of share the same gene pool. We’ve established that each key contains seven different notes.

How do you harmonize chromatic notes?

In the key of C these out of key struck foreign notes are played on the Black Keys. And can be compared to say close relatives to the diatonic major scale.

What does Etude mean in music?


étude, (French: “study”) in music, originally a study or technical exercise, later a complete and musically intelligible composition exploring a particular technical problem in an esthetically satisfying manner.

What is a caprice in music?

capriccio, (Italian: “caprice”) lively, loosely structured musical composition that is often humorous in character. As early as the 16th century the term was occasionally applied to canzonas, fantasias, and ricercari (often modelled on vocal imitative polyphony).

What is a nocturne in music?

nocturne, (French: “Nocturnal”), in music, a composition inspired by, or evocative of, the night, and cultivated in the 19th century primarily as a character piece for piano.