Basic notes of Tanpura?

Asked by: Samantha Arellano

The male tanpura has an open string length of approximately one metre; the female is three-fourths of the male. The standard tuning is 5-8-8-1 (so do′ do′ do) or, in Indian sargam, Pa-sa-sa-Sa. For ragas that omit the fifth tone, pa, the first string is tuned down to the natural fourth: 4-8-8-1 or Ma-sa-sa-Sa.

How many notes are there in tanpura?

A well-tuned tanpura can emit possibly all the seven notes of the gamut. The tanpura by its function of providing a background, provides neither a specific note nor a rhythm. It creates a circle of certain pitches which by themselves do not produce a melody.

What notes are played on the tambura?

Tanpura has 4 strings which play : Pa/Ma/Ni(1), Sa(2), Sa(3), Sa(4); want to know more about these notes. Such as, “Pa/Ma/Ni” being played on Tanpura are of Mandra or Madhya Saptak, then following “Sa Sa” are of Madhya Saptak (please correct if its not true) and finally “Sa”, is that of Taar Saptak.

What are the 4 strings of tanpura?

In the world of Indian classical music, the tanpura is tuned according to the raga (mode). The most common tuning for the four-stringed tanpura is PA, sa, sa, SA. This is the only tuning necessary according to the great Dagars.

What are the characteristics of tanpura?

The tanpura is an instrument that acts as the reference chord in Indian classical music. It has a resonator and 4 strings, but no frets, as the notes are always played whole. The name is derived from tana or musical phrase and pura or whole.

What is the description of tambura?

tambura, also spelled tamboura, tamburi, or tandura, long-necked fretless Indian lute. It has a hollow neck, measures about 40–60 inches (102–153 cm) in length, and usually has four metal strings tuned (relative pitch) c–c′–c′–g or c–c′–c′–f.

What is tanpura used for?

The Tanpura is an essential accompanying instrument which provides a point of reference for creating other sounds; musicians or singers can freely improvise over the drone. Drone in music is a sustained sound, unbroken throughout the performance of a song or a concert.

How do you read tanpura?

The tan para which is the drone instrument. Used for Indian classical music Creole singing.

Is tanpura easy to learn?

Attitude. The most difficult aspect of playing the tanpura is undoubtedly the tuning, and the keyword here to learn is ‘patience’. Even a musician with a trained ear will have difficulties if the instrument is subjected to fluctuating room temperatures or drafts.

What is tabli in tanpura?

Tabli- The face of the Tanpura is known as tabli. This is made up from wood and is the frontal designed part of the tanpura. Beads and Threads- The strings of the tanpura starts from the tuning pegs and go up till the base of the tanpura and are tied up there with the help of an iron nail.

How many knobs are there in a tanpura?

Taanpura usually has four strings that are joined together on top with four knobs. There are some which have five strings as well.

What is semi pitch in tanpura?

Tanpura is just for pitch. Just set the 1st string to SA. Let the semi pitch be 0. Pitch be whatever you’ve decided to sing in.

How is the sound produced in a tanpura?

When the strings are plucked, the vibrations move through the soundboard, called a tabli, and into the hollow body and gourd to produce sound. Traditional Tanpuras look similar to the sitar but, among other things, lack frets and have only four to five strings.

Who is the famous player of tanpura?

Gowrishankar Gurusawmy, Soman Pillai, Prasanna Athele, Nellai Krishnan, Indira Sheshadri and Helen Francis are some of the famous tambura players that have given the instrument a worldwide recognition.

How many wires are there in tanpura?

It has four or five (rarely six) metal strings, which are plucked one after another in a regular pattern to create a harmonic resonance on the basic notes of a key.

Who invented tanpura?

The one standing below Brahma is Narada, who holds a vina, a musical instrument which he is said to have invented. He also wrote a treatise about music and was the chief of the gandharvas or heavenly musicians.

How is a tambura tuned?

The first step to tuning the tambura is to learn the names of the strings. What they are made of and what notes they need to be tuned it. Let us look at this particular Tambora that is tuned to C

What classification is a guiro?


Percussion instrument
Classification Idiophone, can be made from wood, gourd, metal, plastic or fiberglass
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 112.23 (Scraped idiophone, vessel)
Playing range
Speed of scrape produces some variation

What is the guiro made of?

A güiro is a hollowed cylindrical tube most often made of gourd but also wood, metal or plastic is also used It is provided with ridges that are rubbed with a stick or comb. It was common to both the Caribbean and Sub-Saharan Africa providing a rhythmic pulse for different types of Latin-American and Africa music.

What is the guiro used for?

A Güiro is an instrument used in traditional Puerto Rican music. It is a notched hollowed-out gourd, which produces music by dragging a wooden stick-like object, commonly known as a scrapper, or more formally called a “pua,” on the rigids on the outside of the Güiro.